Bombina orientalis (Boulenger, 1890)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bombinatoridae > Genus: Bombina > Species: Bombina orientalis

Bombinator orientalis Boulenger, 1890, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 5: 143. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.25.53-64, 1947.2.25.69, 1947.2.25.70-72, and 1947.2.25.73-76 (formerly 74.1.16.90, 83.3.26.11, 89.12.16.198-200, and 72.1.29.16-17) according to Korotkov, 1972, in Cherepanov (ed.), Zool. Probl. Sibiri: 106. Type localities: "Chefoo [= Yantai, Shandong]...N. China...S.E. coast of Corea...Chabarowka"; given as "Korea" by Gee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 20; restricted to "Chefoo" (= Yantai), Shandong, China, by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 435. Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 106, discussed the Kharovsk locality and regarded it as erroneous.

Bombina orientalisStejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 51.

Bombina orientalis var. silvatica Korotkov, 1972, in Cherepanov (ed.), Zool. Probl. Sibiri: 302. Type(s): Not designated or known to exist. Type locality: Korean pine-broad-leaved forests across almost the whole to the terrotory of Primorye [Russia]. Status regarded as dubious by Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 109.

Bombina orientalis var. praticola Korotkov, 1972, in Cherepanov (ed.), Zool. Probl. Sibiri: 302. Type(s): Not designated or known to exist. Type locality: Kievka [= Sudzukhe] River mount and Khasa Railway Station near the Bay of Bodunupta, southern Primorye, Russia. Status regarded as dubious by Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 109.

Bombina (Bombina) orientalisTian and Hu, 1985, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 4 (3): 219–224; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 97; Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 373.

English Names

Oriental Firebelly Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 38).

Red-bellied Toad (Liu, 1931, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 5: 53).

Chinese Bell Toad (Boring, Liu, and Chou, 1932, Handb. N. China, Amph. Rept.: 25; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 51).

Oriental Fire-bellied Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 51; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 206).

Oriental Bell Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 56).

Eastern Fire-bellied Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 51).

Korean Fire-bellied Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 51).

Distribution

Southern part of Russian Far East (Primorye Region and a few localities in the Khabarovskii Region); northeastern China (from northeastern Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang south to southern Liaoning, with one locality in the Beijing area and other records in eastern Shandong and northern434 Jiangsu) and Korea; Tsushima and Kyushu Islands, Japan.

Comment

See Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 51, for summary of misapplication of the name Bombinator igneus in the literature to this species. Discussed by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 36-38, Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 115, Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 206-212, and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 56, and Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 57-62 (who provided a spot map). Zhao and Bi, 1995, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, 4–5: 102-104, provided a record for Inner Mongolia. Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 48-49, provided a brief account, map and figure for South Korea. Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 105-122, provided an extensive account. Pabijan, Spolsky, Uzzell, and Szymura, 2008, J. Mol. Evol., 67: 246-256, and Zheng, Fu, and Li, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 52: 70-83, presented molecular evidence that suggests that Bombina orientalis is more closely related to European Bombina than to other Asian species. Fidenci, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 445, provided a record for Jeju Island, South Korea. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 104 provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 130, provided an account, photographs, and a map. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 432–413, provided an account, photograph, and range map. 

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