Hylorina sylvatica Bell, 1843

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Batrachylidae > Genus: Hylorina > Species: Hylorina sylvatica

Hylorina sylvatica Bell, 1843, Zool. Voyage Beagle, Part 5: 44. Holotype: BMNH, according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 251; numbered BM 1947.2.19.93, according to museum records. Type locality: "Archipelago of Chonos (S. of Chiloe) in thick forests", Chile. Given as "Chiloe" by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 251.

Cystignathus aeneus Guichenot, 1848, in Gay (ed.), Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile, Zool., 2: 102. Holotype: Collection depostion not stated. Type locality: "cercanías de Valdivia", Chile. Synonymy by Cope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 113; Jiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 10; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 251.

Hylorhinus silvaticaGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 23. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the genus and species names.

Hylorhina aeneaCope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 112.

Hylorhina sylvaticaJiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 10. Misspelling.

Hylorina andina Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 74. Syntypes: MNHNC (2 specimens), according to the original publication. Type locality: "en los Andes de la provincia de Valdivia", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 516. Synonymy by Vellard, 1947, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 4: 151; Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275; Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 124; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Hylorina longipes Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 77. Holotype: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "provincia Valdivia", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 516. Synonymy by Vellard, 1947, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 4: 145-154; Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275; Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 124; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 84.

Hilorina andinaPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 159. Incorrect spelling of generic name.

Hilorina silvaticaPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 159. Incorrect spelling of generic and specific name.

Hilorina longipesPhilippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 159. Incorrect spelling of generic name.

Eupsophus sylvaticusPyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583. Taxonomic decision based on misidentified Genbank sequences according to Blotto, Nuñez, Úbeda, Wheeler, and Faivovich, 2013, Cladistics, 29: xxx.

English Names

Emerald Forest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 81).

Distribution

Austral forests of Chile and Argentina with a narrow distribution along the eastern slopes of the Andes; in Chile it is distributed from the western slopes of the Cordillera de Nahuelbuta to the Aysen Region on the eastern side of the Patagonian Icefields. In Argentina is is known from the provinces of Neuquen, Rio Negro and Chubut.

Comment

See accounts by Cei, 1962, Batr. Chile: 86-88, Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 285-286. Vellido and Úbeda, 2001, Herpetol. Rev., 32: 54, reported on the range of the species. Mut Coll, Ochoa, and Úbeda, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 61-62, discussed the known distributional range. Guzmán and Díaz-Páez, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 237, provided a southern distributional record in Chile and discussed the range. Blotto, Nuñez, Úbeda, Wheeler, and Faivovich, 2013, Cladistics, 29: 113-131, most recently placed this species in Hylorina on the basis of molecular phylogenetics. 

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