Discoglossus pictus Otth, 1837

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alytidae > Genus: Discoglossus > Species: Discoglossus pictus

Discoglossus pictus Otth, 1837, Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Naturwiss., 1: 6. Syntype(s): MZUT (2 specimens) according to B.T. Clarke IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 108. Type locality: "Sicilien und Spanien, wahrscheinlich auch Unter-Italien"; restricted to "Sizilien" (= Sicily) by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 15.

Pseudis pictaBonaparte, 1840, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 2: 445 (ascribed in error to Fitzinger); Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 426.

Rana pictaSchlegel, 1841, in Wagner (ed.), Reisen Regentschaft Algier, 3: 106.

Pseudes pictusLeunis, 1844, Synops. Drei Naturr., Zool., Ed. 1: 146; Leunis, 1860, Synops. Drei Naturr., Zool., Ed. 2: 146.

Colodactylus coerulescens Tschudi, 1845, Arch. Naturgesch., 11: 168. Type(s): not designated, but presumably originally in MHNN, but not noted in recent type lists. Type locality: "Republica Peruana" (in error); given as "Quebrada von Huarochirin an dem sumpfigen Ufer eines kleinen Flüsschens auf einer Höhe von 4700 Füss u. M. gefunden", Peru, by Tschudi, 1846 "1845", Untersuch. Fauna Peruana, Herpetol.: 68. Tentative synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 445.

Discoglossus pictus var. pictaGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 35 [sic].

Discoglossus algirus Lataste, 1879, Act. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, Ser. 4, 3: 333. Syntypes: part of "No. 113" and "No. 634", collection presumably that of Lataste, presumably ultimately deposited in the BMNH. Type locality: "Alger" and "env. D'Alger", Algeria. Synonymy by Lanza, Nascetti, Capula, and Bullini, 1986, Bull. Soc. Herpetol.France, 40: 16, who incorrectly considered this name a nomen oblitum. Name unavailable for reason of being coined as a junior synonym of Discoglossus pictus; for discussion see Crochet and Dubois, 2006, Zootaxa, 1335: 51-53.

Discoglossus pictusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 445.

Colodactylus caerulescensBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 445. Typographic error in synonymy.

Discoglossus pictus var. vittata Camerano, 1884 "1883", Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 35: 208. Type(s): Mpt stated; presumably MZUT. Type localities: "Spagnuoli ed Algerini".

Discoglossus pictus var. ocellata Camerano, 1884 "1883", Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 35: 209. Type(s): Not stated, but presumably MZUT. Type locality: "Sicilia", Italy.

Discoglossus pictus var. pictusCamerano, 1884 "1883", Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 35: 209, by implication.

Discoglossus auritus Herón-Royer, 1888, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 13: 205. Type(s): Not designated or known to exist. Type locality: Algeria. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1895, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, 13: 160.

Discoglossus pictus auritusLanza, Nascetti, Capula, and Bullini, 1986, Bull. Soc. Herpetol.France, 40: 16.

English Names

Painted Frog (Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 161; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 62; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 51; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 47; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 62).

Distribution

Mediterranean Africa in Morocco (east of the Moulouya River), Tunisia and northern Algeria; Sicily (Italy) and Malta. Introduced in northeastern Spain and adjacent southwestern France.

Comment

Lanza, 1983, Guide Reconoscimento Spec. Animali, Anf. Rett.: 86-91, reported on the Italian populations. See Lanza, Nascetti, Capula, and Bullini, 1986, Bull. Soc. Herpetol.France, 40: 16-27, for subspecies. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 267-268, provided an account and polygon map. See account by Salvador, 1996, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 109: 13. Veith and Martens, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 104-105, discussed relevant literature and distribution. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 62, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Llorente, Montori, Santos, and Carretero, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 137-139, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Spain. Llorente, Montori, Santos, and Carretero, 1995, Atlas Amf. Rept. Catalunya Andorra: 55-57, provided an account and detailed range map for Catalunya. Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 140, reported on introduced populations in southern France and northeastern Spain. Franch, Llorente, Montori, Richter-Boix, and Carranza, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 356-359, discussed the range of the introduced European component. See detailed account for Italy by Capula, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 312-318. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 63-65, provided a brief account for northeastern Spain and adjacent France. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 35-36, provided an account for Morocco.  Vences, de Pous, Nicolas, Díaz-Rodríguez, Donaire-Barroso, Hugemann, Hauswaldt, Amat, Barnestein, Bogaerts, Bouazza, Carranza, Galán, de la Vega, Joger, Lansari, El Mouden, Ohler, Sanuy, Slimani, and Tejedo, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 305-320, reported on molecular phylogenetics. 

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