Allophrynidae Savage, 1973
Allophrynidae Savage, 1973, in Vial (ed.), Evol. Biol. Anurans: 354. Type genus: Allophryne Gaige, 1926. Nomen nudum.
Allophrynidae Goin, Goin, and Zug, 1978, Intr. Herpetol., Ed. 3: 240. Type genus: Allophryne Gaige, 1926.
Tukeit Hill Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36).
Non-montane southern Venezuela, through Guyana, Surinam, and Surinam to central Brazil (Rondonia, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, northern Mato Grosso, and Roraima), and possibly into adjacent Bolivia; expected in adjacent eastern Colombia.
Allophrynidae was included tentatively in Hylidae by Lynch and Freeman, 1966, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 493-502, and Duellman, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 42: 10. Savage, 1973, in Vial (ed.), Evol. Biol. Anurans: 354, considered this species to form a monotypic family, Allophrynidae, the taxon inadvertently not diagnosed in that paper. Dubois, 1983, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 52:272, considered Allophryninae to be a subfamily of Bufonidae, following Laurent, 1980 "1979", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 104: 406, who considered Allophryne a bufonid, but neither presented evidence to support this arrangement. Fabrezi and Langone, 2000, Cuad. Herpetol., 14: 47-59, subsequently discussed the morphological evidence supporting a bufonid relationship. Duellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 770, placed Allophrynidae alternatively as (1) the sister taxon of Centrolenidae; (2) the sister taxon of Centrolenidae plus Hylidae; or (3) the sister taxon of Hylidae. Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 510, considered Allophryne to be a "toothless Centrolenella", a suggestion supported by the DNA sequence data of Austin, Lougheed, Tanner, Chek, Bogart, and Boag, 2002, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 134: 335-346. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297:, reported on systematic literature, included Allophrynidae (containing only Allophryne) as the sister subfamily of a coordinate Centroleninae (Centrolenidae of this catalogue). Guayasamin and Trueb, 2007, Zootaxa, 1447: 27-45, also recognized that Allophryne is the sister taxon of the traditional Centrolenidae, and continued the recognition of the monotypic family, Allophrynidae, an arrangement followed here because most of those working on relationships within centrolenids prefer that arrangement. See comment under Centrolenidae. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed the sister-taxon relationship of Allophrynidae and Centrolenidae. See Savage, 1986, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 99: 42-45, and Dubois, 1986 "1985", Alytes, 4: 94-96, for nomenclatural discussions. See accounts by Hoogmoed, 1969, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 44: 75-81, and Caldwell and Hoogmoed, 1998, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 666: 1-3. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 4, reported on range, conservation status, and distribution for Venezuela. Vitt and Caldwell, 2013, Herpetology, 4th Ed., provided a summary of life history, diagnosis, and taxonomy.
Contained taxa (3 sp.):
Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.