Siphonops paulensis Boettger, 1892

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Siphonopidae > Genus: Siphonops > Species: Siphonops paulensis

Siphonops paulensis Boettger, 1892, Kat. Batr. Samml. Mus. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges.: 62. Syntypes: SMF 2102.1a--c, NHMB 1078 (formerly SMF 2102.1b) (the fifth syntype apparently lost); SMF 2102.a designated lectotype by Mertens, 1922, Senckenb. Biol., 4: 163; by implication; Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 37, noted that this specimen renumbered SMF 21 and considered it to be the lectotype. Type locality: "São Paulo, [Estado de São Paulo,] Brasilien".

Siphonops paulensis paulensisSawaya, 1937, Bol. Fac. Fil. Sci. Letr. Univ. São Paulo, Zool., 1: 240.

Siphonops paulensis var. maculatus Sawaya, 1937, Bol. Fac. Fil. Sci. Letr. Univ. São Paulo, Zool., 1: 240. Syntypes: 2 specimens, presumably MZUSP. Type locality: Not stated. Suggested to be Teresopolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by Dunn, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 439-540, who doubted the distinctiveness of this taxon.

English Names

Boettger's Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 25).

Distribution

Tropical dry forest of Brazil south of the Amazon Basin, northeastern Argentina, easter Paraguay, and eastern Bolivia; one record north of the Amazon at Oriximiná, Pará, Brazil.

Comment

See brief account by Taylor, 1970, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 48: 855-860. França e Souza, Silva, and Silva, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 147, provided additional Brazilian localities. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 7, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay and provided the first record based on a voucher. Faria and Mott, 2011, Herpetol. Notes, 4: 53-56, discussed the range in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Almeida, Nascimento, Torquato, Lisboa, Tiburcio, Palmeira, Lima, and Mott, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 134, provided a record for Alagoas, Brazil. Mott, Correia, Almeida, Lisboa, and Guarnieri, 2016, Check List, 12 (3: 1884): 1–4, provided a dot map and new records for the species, including that from north of the Amazon at Oriximiná, Pará, Brazil. Silva, Oliveira, Ávila, and Gaiotti, 2016, Herpetol. Rev., 47: 243, provided a record from Chapada do Araripe in Ceará, Brazil, and discussed the range in northeastern Brazil. 

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