Siphonops annulatus (Mikan, 1820)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Siphonopidae > Genus: Siphonops > Species: Siphonops annulatus

Caecilia annulata Mikan, 1820, Delect. Florae et Faunae Brasil.: pl. 11 and associated text. Type(s): Not designated; MNHNP 15 was suggested by Dunn, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 480, but this was doubted by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 557; see also discussion by Lescure, 1988, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 10: 65-66. RMNH 2419 designated lectotype by Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 342. Type locality: "Sebastianopolim (Rio de Janeiro)", Brazil.

Caecilia annulata Wagler, 1824, Serp. Brasil. Spec. Nov. Hist. Nat. Esp. Nouv. Serpens: 74. Type(s): Including animal figured on pl. 26, fig. 1 of the original publication; considered to include ZSM 1323/0, now lost, and RMNH 2419 by Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 342, who designated RMNH 2491 lectotype. See also comment by Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 155. Type locality: "provinciae Bahiae, in paludum vicinitate", Brazil. Synonymy (and discussion of homonymy with Caecilia annulata Mikan) by Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 342.

Coecilia annulataFitzinger, 1826, Neue Class. Rept.: 63.

Siphonops annulatusWagler, 1828, Isis von Oken, 21: 742. Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862 "1861", Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 3: 203.

Caecilia interrupta Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 100. Types: Not designated; presumed lost by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 555; see also discussion by Lescure, 1988, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 10: 65-66. Type locality: Not designated. Synonymy by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 282. Provisional synonymy by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 555. Synonymy with (Siphonops annulatus) by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 282; Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 58.

Caecilia (Siphonops) annulataVan der Hoeven, 1833, Handb. Dierkd., 2: 303, by implication.

Siphonops annulataDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 282. Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 59.

Siphonops interruptusGray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 59.

Dermophis crassus Cope, 1885 "1884", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 22: 184. Syntypes: 3 specimens, including MCZ 6636 (formerly ANSP 11346), according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 251, and ANSP 11344, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 346. Type locality: "Upper Beni River, Bolivia" and "Eastern Peru" (ANSP 11346). Synonymy by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 556.

Siphonops annulatus var. marmoratus Sawaya, 1937, Bol. Fac. Fil. Sci. Letr. Univ. São Paulo, Zool., 1: 238. Types: Not stated; presumably MZUSP. Type locality: "Theresópolis, E. do Rio de Janeiro", Brazil.

English Names

Ringed Caecilia (Gray, 1831, in Cuvier, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9—Appendix: 110).

Interrupted Ringed Caecilia (Caecilia interrupta [no longer recognized]: Gray, 1831, in Cuvier, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9—Appendix: 110).

Ringed Caecilian (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 15; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 24).

Distribution

Widely distributed from east-of-the-Andes in three widely separated areas which may be collecting artifacts: (1) western Amazonia (northern Colombia and western Venezuela, south through Ecuador, Peru, and western Brazil to northern Bolivia; (2) northern French Guiana and eastern Pará, Brazil; (3) eastern Brazil from southeastern Bahia through Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, and Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and Santa Catarina, with a record in Misiones, Argentina; presumably to be found in adjacent Uruguay and Paraguay.

Comment

Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 297, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. Lynch, 2000 "1999", Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 23: 331, commented on distribution. Taylor and Peters, 1974, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 50: 337-338, commented on the Ecuadorian specimen. Lynch, 2006, Caldasia, 28: 137, provided a brief note on habitat. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 24, briefly discussed the absence of any vouchers of this species from Paraguay, although its presence in the country is likely. Faria and Mott, 2011, Herpetol. Notes, 4: 53-56, discussed the range in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Maciel and Hoogmoed, 2011, Zootaxa, 2984: 32-10, provided a detailed account and a spot map. Maciel, Costa, Drummond, Gomes, and D’Angiolella, 2013, Check List, 9: 106-110, reported the species from Pará, Brazil, and provided an updated range map.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.