Scolecomorphus kirkii Boulenger, 1883

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Scolecomorphidae > Genus: Scolecomorphus > Species: Scolecomorphus kirkii

Scolecomorphus Kirkii Boulenger, 1883, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 11: 48. Holotype: BMNH 1946. (formerly, according to Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 643. Type locality: "East Africa . . . . probably from the vicinity of Lake Tanganyika". See note on type locality by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 332-333.

Scolecomorphus convexus Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 637. Holotype: ZMH A00268 (formerly 1358), according to Hallermann, 1998, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 95: 200. Type locality: "Uhehe, Deutsch-Ost-Afrikas,.. . a district in south central Tanganyika [= Tanzania] in the Southern Highlands, south of the Ruahi [=Ruaha] River". Synonymy by Nussbaum, 1985, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 713: 15.

Scolecomorphus kirkii kirkiiStevens, 1974, Arnoldia, Zimbabwe, 6: 5.

English Names

Lake Tanganyika Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 26).

Kirk's Caecilian (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 382).


Mountains of southern Malawi through the Ubena and Mahenge highlands to the Serra Mecula (Niass Province) and Mount Namuli (Nampul Province), northern Mozambique, to the Nguru, Uluguru, Mahenga, Udzungwa, and North Pare mountains in Tanzania, 500 to 1840 m elevation; presumably in intervening areas.


See accounts by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 350; and Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 382-383; and Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 350-351. Loader, Poynton, and Mariaux, 2004, Afr. Zool., 39: 71-76, provided a record for Mahenga Mountain in Tanzania. Gower, Rasmussen, Loader, and Wilkinson, 2004, Afr. J. Ecol., 42: 83–87, provided a record for the Undzungwa Mountains of Tanzania.  Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 306, provided an account for Malawi. Harper, Measey, Patrick, Menegon, and Vonesh, 2010, Field Guide Amph. E. Arc Mts. Tanzania and Kenya: 310–311, provided a brief account and photograph. Farooq and Conradie, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 59–62, provided a record for northern Mozambique and discussed the range. 

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