Epicrionops niger (Dunn, 1942)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Rhinatrematidae > Genus: Epicrionops > Species: Epicrionops niger

Rhinatrema nigrum Dunn, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 458-459. Holotype: AMNH (now lost); MBUCV 5360 designated neotype by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 209. Type locality: "Arundabara, British Guiana [=Guyana], elevation 2200 feet" (see comment by MacCulloch and Lathrop, 2009, R. Ontario Mus. Contrib. Sci., 4: 16-17); locality of neotype is "El Dorado, Bolívar, Venezuela".

Epicrionops nigrusTaylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 209. Incorrect subsequent spelling of species name.

Epicrionops nigerBarrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 63.

English Names

Black Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 25).


South-central Guyana to northeastern Venezuela; presumably in adjacent Brazil. See comment. 


MacCulloch and Lathrop, 2009, R. Ontario Mus. Contrib. Sci., 4: 16-17, commented on specimens from Mount Ayanganna, Guyana. See comment under Epicrionops. Donnelly and Wake, 2013, Copeia, 2013: 224-228, discussed new specimens from Guyana and commented on the range. Moraes, Almeida, Fraga, Rojas-Zamora, Pirani, Silva, Carvalho, Gordo, and Werneck, 2017, ZooKeys, 715: 103–159, noted a specimen from the Serra da Mocidade in the Guiana Shield region of northern Brazil, similar to this species but genetically distinct, presumably representing an unnamed species. 

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