Ichthyophis monochrous (Bleeker, 1858)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Ichthyophiidae > Genus: Ichthyophis > Species: Ichthyophis monochrous

Epicrium monochrous Bleeker, 1858, Natuurkd. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indie, 16: 188. Holotype: BMNH, according to Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 112. Type locality: "Sinkawang", western Borneo, Indonesia.

Ichthyophis monochrousPeters, 1880 "1879", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1879: 932.

Ichthyophis (Epicrium) monochrousBourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 252.

English Names

Black Caecilian (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 16; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 16). ).

Western Borneo Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 25).


Northern Borneo in western Kalimantan (Indonesia), Sarawak, and likely to be found in Brunei.


The name Ichthyophis monochrous has been misapplied frequently to other species according to Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 115. See comment under Ichthyophis glandulosus. See brief account by Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 31. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 207-208, provided a brief account for animals referred to this species from southern India, although the identity of these animals is unclear. (Because this name was once applied to all species of unstriped Ichthyophis, the Indian records are presumably based on misidentifications; note that Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka, did not include the taxon as occurring in India or Sri Lanka.) Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 219, provided an account. D. Gower IN Grismer and Pan, 2008, Herpetol. Rev., 39: 270-281, suggested that the taxonmic distinctiveness of Ichthyophis monochrous, Ichthyophis glutinosus, Ichthyophis singaporensis, and Ichthyophis paucisulcus needs confirmation via genetic analyses.

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