Ichthyophis glutinosus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Ichthyophiidae > Genus: Ichthyophis > Species: Ichthyophis glutinosus

Caecilia glutinosa Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1: 229. Holotype: NHRM according to Andersson, 1900, Bih. K. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 26: 6, presumably the animal figured in "Mus. Ad. Fr. I. P. 19, t. 4. f. 1". (See Andersson, 1900, Bih. K. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 26 for image of type.) Type locality: "Habitat in Indiis"; considered to be Java by . Placed on Official List of Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 1604, Anonymous, 1990, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 47: 166.

Coecilia viscosa Latreille In Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801 "An. X", Hist. Nat. Rept., 4: 238. Replacement name for Caecilia glutinosa. Synonymy by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 286; Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 58.

Ichthyophis glutinosusFitzinger, 1826, Neue Class. Rept.: 36. Cantor, 1847, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 16: 1058; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 89; Boulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 515.

Epicrium glutinosumWagler, 1828, Isis von Oken, 21: 740-744. Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 286.

Caecilia (Ichthyophis) glutinosaVan der Hoeven, 1833, Handb. Dierkd., 2: 303, by implication.

Ichthyophis (Epicrium) glutinosusBourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 252.

Ichthyophis forcarti Taylor, 1965, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 46: 283. Holotype: NHMB 4411, by original designation. Type locality: "Ceylon" (= Sri Lanka). Synonymy by Nussbaum and Gans, 1983 "1980", Spolia Zeylan., 35: 144).

English Names

White-bellied Caecilia (Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (M'Murtrie), 2: 74).

White-bellied Caecilian (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 130).

Glutinous Caecilia (Gray, 1831, in Cuvier, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9—Appendix: 110).

Sticky Caecilian (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 16).

Ceylon Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 25).

Common Yellow-banded Caecilian (de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 129).

Distribution

Central and southern Sri Lanka.

Comment

See accounts by Nussbaum and Gans, 1983 "1980", Spolia Zeylan., 35: 137-154; Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 18; and Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 22-23. Records of this species outside of the stated range are attributable to other species. Ravichandran, Gower, and Wilkinson, 2003, Zootaxa, 350: 6, doubted the Indian record of Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 172: 32-35, as did Dutta, 2003 "2002", Hamadryad, 27: 156-157, who discussed previous misidentifications on which records from India are based. Gower, Bahir, Mapatuna, Pethiyagoda, Raheem, and Wilkinson, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 153-161, suggested that a cryptic species exists under this name from Wegela, Sri Lanka, which is more closely related to Ichthyophis orthoplicatus than to Ichthyophis glutinosus, with Ichthyophis forcarti possibly being the available name. D. Gower IN Grismer and Pan, 2008, Herpetol. Rev., 39: 270-281, suggested that the taxonmic distinctiveness of Ichthyophis monochrous, Ichthyophis glutinosus, Ichthyophis singaporensis, and Ichthyophis paucisulcus needs confirmation via genetic analyses. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 130-131, provided a brief characterization and photograph for specimens in northeastern India they allocated to this species. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 129, provided a brief account and color photograph for Sri Lanka. Bopage, Wewelwala, Krvavac, Jovanovic, Safarek, and Pushpamal, 2011, Salamandra, 47: 173-177, reported the species in lowland forest in the Kanneliya Forest of southwestern Sri Lanka.

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