Gymnopis multiplicata Peters, 1874

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Dermophiidae > Genus: Gymnopis > Species: Gymnopis multiplicata

Gymnopis multiplicata Peters, 1874, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1874: 616. Holotype: ZMB 3705; noted incorrectly as 3704 in the original publication, and although not found by Bauer, Good, and Günther, 1993, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 69: 298, considered to likely still exist by Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 39. Type locality: "Veragua", Panamá.

Siphonops proximus Cope, 1877, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 17: 90. Syntypes: USNM 29762-63 according to Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 525; USNM 29762 considered "holotype" (lectotype designation by implication) by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 4; USNM 29763 subsequently designated lectotype in error by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 525. Type locality: "Coast of Eastern Costa Rica"; rendered as "from the forest country near the coast at Limón, east coast of Costa Rica", by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 525. Corrected to "Costa Rica, coast of eastern or east coast region, Cantón de Limón, Provincia de Limón", by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 89. Synonymy by Dunn, 1928, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 10: 75; Savage and Wake, 1972, Copeia, 1972: 680-695.

Siphonops simus Cope, 1877, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 17: 91. Holotype: USNM 29765, according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 4. Type locality: "Costa Rica, the exact locality being uncertain". Synonymy by Dunn, 1928, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 10: 75; Dunn, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 437-540; and Savage and Wake, 1972, Copeia, 1972: 680-695.

Dermophis proximusPeters, 1880 "1879", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1879: 938.

Dermophis simusPeters, 1880 "1879", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1879: 938.

Cryptopsophis multiplicatus Boulenger, 1883, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 12: 166. Types: BMNH. Type locality: "Seychelles", in error, according to Boulenger, 1911, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 2, 14: 376. Synonymy by Parker, 1936, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 2, 19: 444.

Gymnopis simaCope, 1885 "1884", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 22: 171.

Gymnopis proximaCope, 1885 "1884", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 22: 171.

Gymnopis multiplicatus multiplicatusParker, 1936, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 2, 19: 444-446.

Gymnopis multiplicata multiplicataDunn, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 437-540.

Gymnopis multiplicata proximaDunn, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 437-540.

Cryptopsophis simusTaylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 455.

English Names

Varagua [sic] Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 24).

Distribution

Low and moderate elevations from southeastern Guatemala to western Panama on the Atlantic versant and from northwestern Costa Rica to western Panama on the Pacific versant, sea level to 1400 m elevation.

Comment

See accounts by Savage and Wake, 1972, Copeia, 1972: 680-695, Wake, 1988, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 411: 1, Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 119-120, and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 93-94. Lenders and Watkins-Colwell, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 185-186, provided a highland locality in Nicaragua. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 36, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189-202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 33–34, compared this species to the other in Central America and provided maps and photographs.  

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