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Dermophiidae Taylor, 1969
Dermophiinae Taylor, 1969, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 48: 610. Type genus: Dermophis Peters, 1880 "1879".
Geotrypetoidae Lescure, Renous, and Gasc, 1986, Mem. Soc. Zool. France, 43: 162. Type genus: Geot rypetes Peters, 1880. Coined as an epifamily. Synonymy by Wilkinson, San Mauro, Sherratt, and Gower, 2011, Zootaxa, 2874: 3, 46.
Gymnopiilae Lescure, Renous, and Gasc, 1986, Mem. Soc. Zool. France, 43: 168. Type genus: Gymnopis Peters, 1874. Coined as an infrafamily. Synonymy by Wilkinson, San Mauro, Sherratt, and Gower, 2011, Zootaxa, 2874: 3.
Neotropical and Tropical African Caecilians (Vitt and Caldwell, 2013, Herpetology, 4th Ed.: 455).
Southern Mexico through Central America to northwestern Colombia; tropical West Africa; Tanzania and Kenya.
Delimited and recognized by Wilkinson, San Mauro, Sherratt, and Gower, 2011, Zootaxa, 2874: 41-64, to include Dermophis, Geotrypetes, Gymnopis, and Schistometopum. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583 (see comment in Amphibia record) on the basis of molecular evidence confirmed the monophyly of Dermophiidae. Blackburn and Wake, 2011, In Zhang (ed.), Zootaxa, 3148: 39-55, briefly reviewed the taxonomic history of this taxon. San Mauro, Gower, Cotton, Zardoya, Wilkinson, and Massingham, 2012, Syst. Biol., 61: 661-674, suggested that Dermophiidae is the sister taxon of Siphonopidae. Maddin, Russell, and Anderson, 2012, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 166: 160-201, reported on the braincase of the family and confirmed the sister-taxon status of Dermophiidae and Siphonopidae. Vitt and Caldwell, 2013, Herpetology, 4th Ed., provided a summary of range, diagnosis, life history, and taxonomy.
Contained taxa (14 sp.):
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