Pseudobranchus axanthus Netting and Goin, 1942

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Sirenidae > Genus: Pseudobranchus > Species: Pseudobranchus axanthus

Pseudobranchus striatus axanthus Netting and Goin, 1942, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 29: 183. Holotype: CM 20339, by original designation. Type locality: "Eastern edge of Payne's Prarie, where Prarie Creek enter the River Styx, about five miles southeast of Gainesville, Alachua County, Florida", USA.

Pseudobranchus striatus belli Schwartz, 1952, Nat. Hist. Misc., 115: 1. Holotype: UMMZ 10600, by original designation. Type locality: "23.1 miles west of Miami, on the Tamiami Trail, Dade County, Florida", USA.

Pseudobranchus axanthusMoler and Kezer, 1993, Copeia, 1993: 39–47.

Pseudobranchus axanthus belliMoler and Kezer, 1993, Copeia, 1993: 39–47; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9.

Pseudobranchus axanthus axanthus — Moler and Kezer, 1993, Copeia, 1993: 39–47, by implication;  Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9.

English Names

Narrow-striped Mud Siren (Pseudobranchus axanthus: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 471; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 15).

Narrow-striped Dwarf Siren (Pseudobranchus axanthus: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 249; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8).

Southern Dwarf Siren (Pseudobranchus axanthus: Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9), Payne's Prarie Siren (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 29; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 22; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 16; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Narrow-striped Dwarf Siren (Pseudobranchus axanthus axanthus: Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 29; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 22; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 16; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Everglades Dwarf Siren (Pseudobranchus axanthus belli: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 250; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 29; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 22; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 16; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Distribution

Peninsular Florida, USA.

Comment

See comment under Pseudobranchus striatus. Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 480–482, provided an account, photograph, and map and noted that zones of intergradiation of the nominal subspecies are poorly documented. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 53–54, recognized the two nominal subspecies but Moler and Kezer, 1993, Copeia, 1993: 39–47, described a poorly understood pattern of geographic variation and that this problem begged for additional elucidation. Given the biogeography of other aquatic organisms in peninsular Florida it is likely that additional lineages remain to be named (DRF). See comment under Pseudobranchus. Moler, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 908–909, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 43–44, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 138–139, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. See account of biology and life history in southern Florida by Meshaka and Lane, 2015, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 10 (Monogr. 5): 16–17. 

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