Salamandra algira Bedriaga, 1883

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Salamandrinae > Genus: Salamandra > Species: Salamandra algira

Salamandra maculosa var. algira Bedriaga, 1883, Arch. Naturgesch., 49: 252. Type(s): Not stated or known to exist; NHMW 9251 designated neotype by Eiselt, 1958, Abh. Ber. Naturkd. Magdeburg, 10: 133. Type locality: "Mont Edough bei Bôna", Algeria; neotype from "Mt. Edough bei Bône, Algerien".

Salamandra salamandra algiraNikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 187.

Salamandra algiraVeith, 1996, Amphibia-Reptilia, 17: 174-177.

Salamandra algira algiraDonaire-Barroso and Bogaerts, 2003, Podarcis, 4: 88, by implication.

Salamandra algira tingitana Donaire-Barroso and Bogaerts, 2003, Podarcis, 4: 88. Holotype: MNCN 41037, by original designation. Type locality: "500 m altitude on Jabal Muse (= Jabal Mousa) north Morocco". See  Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 25-26, for justification of validity as an electronic publication. 

Salamandra algira spelaea Escoriza and Comas, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 80. Holotype: MNCN 2005-05550, by original designation. Type locality: "Ouartass, Beni Snassen massif, Northeast-Morocco (Locality 5, at approximately 1300 m above sea level)".

Salamandra (Algiandra) algira algiraDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68.

Salamandra (Algiandra) algira spelaeaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68.

Salamandra (Algiandra) tingitanaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68.

Salamandra algira splendens Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 26. Holotype: RMNH 40173, by original designation. Type locality: "Aïn Tissimilan, Jebel el Kelaâ, Chefchaouen, western Rif Mountains, Morocco (N 35°10.5, W 5°14.6, 700 m a.s.l.)". 

English Names

North African Fire Salamander (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 606).

Distribution

Isolated populations in Northwest Africa in 1) northern Morocco, 2) vicinity of Ceuta, Spain, 3) northern Algeria, and 4) northwestern Tunisia (see comment).

Comment

See account by Salvador, 1996, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 109: 7. Donaire-Barroso and Bogaerts, 2003, Podarcis, 4: 84–100, discussed the systematics of this species. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 203–204, provided brief accounts by subspecies, photographs, and map. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 606, who regarded the Tunisian record as suspect. Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 35, based their taxonomic decision to recognize Salamandra tingitana as a distinct species on evidence provided by Steinfartz, Veith, and Tautz, 2000, Mol. Ecol., 9: 397–410, and Escoriza and Comas, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 77–90. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Escoriza, Bogaerts, Toxopeus, de Bie, Roca, and Carranza, 2010, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 101: 626–641, suggested that Salamandra algira spelaea is the sister taxon of Salamandra algira algira + Salamandra algira tingitana. These authors rejected the recognition of Salamandra tingitana as a distinct species although noting that the allopatric populations are ecologically distinctive and diagnosible. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 22–29, discussed the geographic variation within Morocco. Merabet, Sanchez, Dahmana, Bogaerts, Donaire-Barroso, Steinfartz, Joger, Vences, and Karar, 2016, Amphibia-Reptilia, 37: 1–8, reported on molecular phylogeography in Algeria. Ben Hassine, Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Escoriza, and Martínez-Solano, 2016, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 54: 116–126, reported on molecular phylogenetics of the allopatric and diagnosable populations, retaining the allopatric subspecies without telling us what a subspecies is in an evolutionary framework.  

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