Chioglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Salamandrinae > Genus: Chioglossa > Species: Chioglossa lusitanica

Chioglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864, Rev. Mag. Zool., Paris, Ser. 2, 16: 249 (September 1864). Also described subsequently by Bocage, 1864, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1864: 264-265 (November 1864) as discussed by Arntzen, 1999, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(1): 305. Syntype(s): MLB (destroyed in 1978 fire) and ZMB 6481 (3 specimens, presumably on exchange from MLB), MNHNP 1182 and 1182A (according to Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 37); MNHNP 1182A designated lectotype by Arntzen and Alexendrino in Arntzen, Groenenberg, Alexandrino, Ferrand de Almeida, and Sequeira, 2007, J. Nat. Hist., London, 41: 933 . Type localities: "Coimbra" and "montagne de Bussaco, à cinq lieues de Coimbra", Portugal. Rendered as "Berg Bussaco bei Coimba, Portugal" by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 15. Lectotype from Buçaco, Beira Litoral, Portugal, according to Arntzen and Alexendrino in Arntzen, Groenenberg, Alexandrino, Ferrand de Almeida, and Sequeira, 2007, J. Nat. Hist., London, 41: 933.

Chioglossa lusitanica brevidigitata Ferrand de Almeida, Ferrand de Almeida, Gonçalves, Sequeira, Teixeira, and Ferrand de Almeida, 2001, Amph. Rept. Portugal: XXX. Type(s): Not designated. Type locality: XXX. Unavailable name as discussed by Crochet and Dubois, 2004, In Gasc et al. (eds)., Atlas Amph. Rept. Europe, Ed. 2: 496.

Chioglossa lusitanica lusitanica — Arntzen and Alexendrino In Arntzen, Groenenberg, Alexandrino, Ferrand de Almeida, and Sequeira, 2007, J. Nat. Hist., London, 41: 934.

Chioglossa lusitanica longipes Arntzen and Alexendrino In Arntzen, Groenenberg, Alexandrino, Ferrand de Almeida, and Sequeira, 2007, J. Nat. Hist., London, 41: 934. Holotype: RMNH 40113, by original designation. Type locality: "Valongo, Douro Litoral in northwestern Portugal". Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 185, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. 

English Names

Golden-striped Salamander (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 52; Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 39; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 35; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 47; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35; Oliveira, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 52-53).

Gold-striped Salamander (Halliday and Adler, 2002, New Encyclop. Rept. Amph.: 57).

Distribution

Northwestern Spain (Galicia and Asturias) and the northern-central part of Portugal.

Comment

Busack, 1976, Biol. Conserv., 10: 309–319, suggested that this species' range is decreasing and suggested that legal protection was needed, although this was disputed by Arntzen, 1984, Biol. Conserv., 28: 89–92, although (Arntzen, 2015, Diversity, 7) two populations were documented to show drastic population size declines of the last 40 years. See discussion of the date of description by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 37, and Bauer, Good, and Günther, 1993, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 69: 295. Alexandrino, Ferrand de Almeida, and Arntzen, 1997, Biochem. Genet., 35: 371-381, reported on genetic variation and noted significant differences among populations north and south of the Mondego River. Alexandrino, Arntzen, and Ferrand de Almeida, 2002, Heredity, 88: 66-74, reported on molecular phylogeography. See also discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Oliveira, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 52-53. Arntzen, 1999, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(1): 301–321, provided a review of the biology. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 91-95, provided an account. Obst in Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 67-68, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Vences, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 103–105, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 216, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Sequeira, Alexandrino, Weiss, and Ferrand de Almeida, 2008, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 95: 371-387, reported on molecular phylogeographics. Arntzen, Groenenberg, Alexandrino, Ferrand de Almeida, and Sequeira, 2007, J. Nat. Hist., London, 41: 925–936, reported on geographic variation and named a new subspecies. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 600. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 155–159, provided a brief account and polygon map for Europe. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 216, provided a brief account, photograph, and map.

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