Tylototriton shanjing Nussbaum, Brodie, and Yang, 1995

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Tylototriton > Species: Tylototriton shanjing

Tylototriton shanjing Nussbaum, Brodie, and Yang, 1995, Herpetologica, 51: 265. Holotype: KIZ II 0731 V.27, by original designation. Type locality: "Dingpa, 2150 m elevation, Jingdong County, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China". 

Tylototriton verrucosus shanjing — Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 19.

Tylototriton (Tylototriton) shanjing — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68.

Tylototriton (Tylototriton) verrucosus pulcherrima Hou, Zhang, Li, and Lu in Hou, Li, and Lü, 2012, J. Huangshan Univ., 14: 63. Holotype: SYNU HM2012501-NT001, by original designation. Type locality: Luchun County, Yunnan, China. Synonymy by Nishikawa, Khonsue, Pomchote, and Matsui, 2013, Zootaxa, 3737: 277. Error in the gender of the subspecies name. 

Tylototriton pulcherrima —  Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 81. Incorrect gender of the species name. 

Tylototriton (Tylototriton) pulcherrima —  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 183. 

English Names

Hoanglien Mountain Crocodile Newt (Tylototriton verrucosus pulcherrima [no longer recognized]: Hou, Li, and Lü, 2012, J. Huangshan Univ., 14: 63).

Huanglienshan Knobby Newt (Tylototriton pulcherrimus [no longer recogized]: Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 272).   

Red Knobby Newt (Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 275). 

Distribution

Localities throughout most of Yunnan, China, 1000 to 2000 m elevation, south into northern Thailand; expected in adjacent Myanmar and the northern borderlands of northwestern Vietnam. 

Comment

Tylototriton shanjing had been placed in the synonymy of Tylototriton verrucosus by Zhang, Rao, Yu, and Yang, 2007, Zool. Res., Kunming, 28: 430–436, on the basis of minimal sequence divergence; this synonymy disputed implicitly by Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68, and explicitly by Stuart, Phimmachak, Sivongxay, and Robichaud, 2010, Zootaxa, 2650: 28. See brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 34-35. In the Tylototriton verrucosus group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 42 (although they only addressed Chinese species). Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 272-276, provided an account and range map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 181-182, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 18-19, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 642. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 77. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 81 (as Tylototriton pulcherrimus) and 86 (as Tylototriton shanjing), provided an account.  Zhao, Rao, Liu, Li, and Yuan, 2012, J. W. China Forest. Sci., 41: 85–89, provided molecular evidence for the distinctiveness of this species and it sister-taxon relationship with Tylototriton daweishanensis.  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 183, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Records for Laos now have been referred to Tylototriton podichthys.  Khatiwada, Wang, Ghimire, Vasudevan, Paudel, and Jiang, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 251, provided molecular evidence that suggests that Tylototriton shanjing is composed of two lineages, one of which is nested within Tylototriton verrucosusFei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 272–277, provided accounts (as Tylototriton shanjing and, without comment Tylototriton pulcherrima [sic], photographs, and range map, although given the results of  Nishikawa, Khonsue, Pomchote, and Matsui, 2013, Zootaxa, 3737: 277, one might expect nominal Tylototriton shanjing to be found to be a species complex. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.