Triturus dobrogicus (Kiritzescu, 1903)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Triturus > Species: Triturus dobrogicus

Triton cristatus var. dobrogicus Kiritzescu, 1903, Bul. Soc. Sciinte, Bucuresti, 12: 262. Syntypes: Including MGAB 8 (from the restricted type locality) according to museum records. MGAB 8 (adult male) designated lectotype by Fuhn and Freytag, 1961, Zool. Anz., 166: 163. Type locality: "du Nord de la Dobrogea, dans les lacs des environs de Sulina, de Tulcea et du delta du Danube", Romania; restricted by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 11, to "Sulina, Donaudelta [= Danube Delta]", Dobrogea Province, eastern Romania on the Black Sea.

Molge macrosoma Boulenger, 1908, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 2: 3. Holotype: BMNH 1946.9.6.29 (formerly 1908.5.19.15), according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 94. Type locality: Unknown: "brought alive to Capt. Flower at Cairo five years ago by Ismail Bey Chakir with the remark that it may possibly be of European origin, the Bey having bought the newt from a dealer in Vienna". Thought by Boulenger to be close to Neurergus crocatus. Synonymy with Triturus carnifex by Mertens, 1941, Zool. Anz., 136: 128. Synonymy with Triturus dobricus by Litvinchuk and Borkin, 2000, Amphibia-Reptilia, 21: 428.

Triton cristatus danubialis Wolterstorff, 1923, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 34: 120. Syntypes: collections of F. Werner, R. Mertens, and Meheyly, by original designation; MM 1105 n.f. (new series), designated lectotype (apparently originally in type series and a survivor of WWII--DRF) by Fuhn and Freytag, 1961, Zool. Anz., 166: 163. Type locality: "Donautiefland der Wiener gegend (coll. Prof. F. Werner, Kronesser u. a.), und Ungarns (Budapest, Fünfirchen-Becs, coll. Dr. g. J. von Fejérváry, Szombath) ferner von Kronstadt-Siebenburgen (coll. Prof. L. v. Mehely, Übergang zu typica?), von der Dobrudscha (f. dobrogica)"; restricted to "Budapest", Hungary, by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 11. Synonymy by Fuhn and Freytag, 1961, Zool. Anz., 166: 163.

Triton cristatus cristatus forma dobrogicaWolterstorff, 1923, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 34: 120.

Triton cristatus danubialis forma werneri Wolterstorff, 1923, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 34: 121. Holotype: presumably MM; presumably destroyed in W.W.II. Type locality: "Lang-Engersdorf bei Wien", Austria. Unavailable tetranomial.

Triturus cristatus danubialisMertens, 1923, Senckenb. Biol., 5: 213.

Triton (Neotriton) cristatus danubialisBolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259.

Triturus cristatus dobrogicusMertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 11.

Molge cristata danubialis forma smederevana Karaman, 1948, Prirodoslovna Istrazivanja, Zagreb, 24: 52. Holotype: Not stated; presumably in ZIUZ according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 96. Type locality: Smederevo on the Danube, (east of Belgrade, Serbia). Unavailable tetranominal.

Triturus cristatus danubialis var. intermedia Fuhn, 1953, Bul. Stiint. Sect. Biol. Agron. Geol. Geogr., Bucuresti, 5: 633. Type(s): Not stated although presumably MGAB. Type locality: "Bucurestilor si la Cristesti (r. Iasi)" (= Jassay near Bucharest, Botanical Garden of Bucharest), Romania. (Not Triton vulgaris intermedia Kolombatovic, 1907; not Triton intermedius Szeliga, 1931). Unavailable tetranominal.

Triturus cristatus dobrogicusMertens and Wermuth, 1960, Amph. Rept. Europas: 27.

Triturus dobrogicusBucci-Innocenti, Ragghianti, and Mancino, 1983, Copeia, 1983: 662-672.

Triturus (Triturus) dobrogicusMacGregor, Sessions, and Arntzen, 1990, J. Evol. Biol., 3: 329.

Triturus dobrogicus dobrogicusLitvinchuk and Borkin, 2000, Amphibia-Reptilia, 21: 427.

Triturus dobrogicus macrosomusLitvinchuk and Borkin, 2000, Amphibia-Reptilia, 21: 427. Incorrect termination.

Triturus (Triturus) dobrogicus dobrogicusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 67.

Triturus (Triturus) dobrogicus macrosomaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 67.

English Names

Danube Newt (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36).

Danube Crested Newt (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 66; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 183; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 44).

Distribution

Two allopatric populations: Danube Delta of southern Romania and adjacent Bulgaria east to extreme southern Moldova; Pannonian and Vienna Basins, as well as an isolated area along the Lower Danube, probably eastward to Reni (in extreme southeastern Slovenia north through eastern-most Austria and southeastern Czech Republic to central Slovakia thence east to southeastern Ukraine and south and west through westernmost Romania to northern-most Serbia, northern Bosnia and Herzegovina, and northern Croatia).

Comment

Litvinchuk, Sokolova, and Borkin, 1994, Abh. Ber. Naturkd. Magdeburg, 17: 67-74, presented an allozyme study that supported species status separate from Tritrurus cristatus. See accounts by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 183-186, and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 299-300. Arntzen and Wallis, 1999, Bijdr. Dierkd., 68: 181-203, reported on geographic variation. Litvinchuk and Borkin, 2000, Amphibia-Reptilia, 21: 419-430, noted that the well-differentiated subspecies Triturus dobrogicus macrosoma (Danube Delta) and Triturus dobrogicus dobrogicus are allopatric. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 44, provided a brief account, figure, and map. See account by Arntzen, 2003, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(IIA): 421-514. Litvinchuk, 2005, Russ. J. Herpetol., 12: 61-64, provided a record for the Dnepr River Delta, Ukraine. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 132–133, provided a set of brief accounts, photos, and map.  See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 642. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 226-228, provided a brief account and polygon map. Gherghel and Iftime, 2009, North-West. J. Zool., Romania, 5: 209-213, provided a record for northeastern Bulgaria and discussed the range as well as the possibility of introgressive hybridization with Triturus karelini. Vörös and Arntzen, 2010, Amphibia-Reptilia, 31: 339-346, reported on biogeography and allozymic variation among populations. Reviewed by Jehle, Thiesmeier, and Foster, 2011, The Crested Newt.: 1-152. Stojanov, Tzankov, and Naumov, 2011, Die Amph. Rept. Bulgariens: 120-125, provided a fairly detailed account and range map for Bulgaria. Wielstra and Arntzen, 2011, BMC Evol. Biol., 11(162): 1-8, reported ln the molecular phylogenetics of the species and its near relatives. Cogǎlniceanu, Székely, Samoilă, Iosif, Tudor, Plăiaşu, Stănescu, and Rozylowicz, 2013, ZooKeys, 296: 35-57, provided a dot map for Romania. Wielstra, Sillero, Vörös, and Arntzen, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 376-381, provided a dot map. Arntzen, Wielstra, and Wallis, 2014, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 113: 604–622, reported on hybrid/contact zones with Triturus cristatus, Triturus carnifex, Triturus ivanbureschi, and Triturus macedonicus.  

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