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Taricha granulosa (Skilton, 1849)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Taricha > Species: Taricha granulosa

Salamandra (Triton) granulosa Skilton, 1849, Am. J. Sci. Arts, Ser. 2, 7: 202. Type(s): Not known to exist, originally two or more specimens in the "Cabinet of A.J. Skilton, and of the Troy Lyceum of Natural History". Type locality: "Oregon"; restricted to near "Oregon City", Clackamas County, Oregon, USA, by Fitch, 1938, Copeia, 1938: 149.

Triturus granulosusTwitty, 1935, Copeia, 1935: 76.

Triturus similans Twitty, 1935, Copeia, 1935: 76. Holotype: MVZ 18149, by original designation. Type locality: "Robinson Creek, Ukiah, [Mendocino County,] California", USA. Synonymy by Fitch, 1938, Copeia, 1938: 149; Riemer, 1958, Univ. California Publ. Zool., 56: 385–386; and Pimentel, 1959, Herpetologica, 15: 13.

Triturus granulosus granulosusBishop, 1941, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 451: 18.

Triturus granulosus twittyi Bishop, 1941, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 451: 16. Holotype: UMMZ 89763, by original designation. Type locality: "Saratoga, [Santa Clara County,] California", USA. Subspecies distinction from Taricha granulosa granulosa rejected by Riemer, 1958, Univ. California Publ. Zool., 56: 385–386.

Triturus granulosus similansMyers, 1942, Copeia, 1942: 79.

Triturus granulosus mazamae Myers, 1942, Copeia, 1942: 80. Holotype: CAS-SU 7465, by original designation. Type locality: "near Crater Lake on the higher slopes of Mount Mazama, Crater Lake National Park, Klamath County, Oregon", USA.

Triturus granulosus mazamaeBishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 74.

Taricha granulosaWahlert, 1952, Copeia, 1952: 30; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 26.

Taricha granulosa granulosaSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 26.

Taricha granulosa mazamaeSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 26.

Taricha granulosa similansSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 27.

Taricha torosa granulosaPimentel, 1958, Herpetologica, 14: 168.

Taricha torosa mazamaePimentel, 1958, Herpetologica, 14: 168.

Taricha torosa twittyiPimentel, 1958, Herpetologica, 14: 168.

Taricha torosa simulansPimentel, 1958, Herpetologica, 14: 168. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the subspecies name.

Taricha (Taricha) granulosaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 67.

English Names

Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 26; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 38; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 31).

Rough-skin Newt (Triturus granulosus: Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 14).

Roughskin Newt (Taricha granulosa: Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 9; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 10; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 15).

Oregon Newt (Triturus granulosa granulosa: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 70).

Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa granulosa: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 26).

Northern Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa granulosa: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Northern Roughskin Newt (Taricha granulosa granulosa: Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 38; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 9; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 10; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 15).

Crater Lake Newt (Taricha granulosa mazamae: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 74; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 26; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 38; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 9; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 10; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 15).

Twitty's Newt (Taricha granulosa twittyi) [no longer recognized]: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 77; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 26).

Southern Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa twittyi) [no longer recognized]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Mendocino Newt (Taricha granulosa similans: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 26; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Distribution

Southern Alaska to California (Santa Cruz and Santa Clara counties), in the humid coastal forests; introduced in the vicinity of Moscow (Latah County, Idaho) and Saunders County, Montana, likely are introduced.

Comment

Reviewed by Nussbaum and Brodie, 1981, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 272: 1–4. See account and discussion of systematics by Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 462–469. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 165–166, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Marks and Doyle, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 894–900, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Wiseman, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 360–361, provided a southern record in the Sierra Nevada of California and commented on the range.

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