Taricha Gray, 1850

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Taricha
4 species

Taricha Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 25. Type species: Triton torosa Rathke IN Eschscholtz, 1833, by monotypy.

Paleotaricha Van Frank, 1955, Breviora, 45: 4. Type species: Paleotaricha oligocenica Frank, 1955, by original designation. Synonymy by Tihen, 1974, J. Herpetol., 8: 211–218.

Twittya Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 58. Type species: Triturus rivularis Twitty, 1935, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Notophthalmus. Subgenus rejected by Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 249. 

English Names

Pacific Newts (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 9; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 33; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 15; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 10; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 164; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 35; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 15; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 31; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 34).

Roughskin Newts (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36).

Distribution

The Pacific coastal region from southern Alaska to southern California, USA, possibly into northern Baja California, Mexico.

Comment

See accounts by Nussbaum and Brodie, 1981, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 271: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 462–478. Hedgecock and Ayala, 1974, Copeia, 1974: 738–747, reported on genetic divergence among the three species. Riemer, 1958, Univ. California Publ. Zool., 56: iii, 310–390, discussed geographic variation within and relationships among the species. Weisrock, Papenfuss, Macey, Litvinchuk, Polymeni, Ugurtas, Zhao, Jowkar, and Larson, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 855–857, on the basis of DNA sequence evidence suggested that Taricha is the sister taxon of Notophthalmus. See account by Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 462–478. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 141–143, provided brief accounts, figures, and maps. Powell, Collins, and Hooper, 2011, Key Herpetofauna U.S. & Canada, 2nd Ed.: 12–13, provided a key to the species.

Contained taxa (4 sp.):

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