Pleurodeles waltl Michahelles, 1830

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Pleurodeles > Species: Pleurodeles waltl

Salamandra funebris Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1828, Résumé Herpetol. Hist. Nat. Rept.: 236. Type(s): Not stated or known to exist. Type locality: "Andalousie" = Andalucia. Placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 642, Anonymous, 1962, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 19: 280. Nomen oblitum.

Pleurodeles waltl Michahelles, 1830, Isis von Oken, 23: 195. Syntypes: Not designated; RMNH 2379 designated lectotype by Hoogmoed, 1978, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 53: 103, who discussed the types. Type locality: "habitat in Hispania meridionali"; given as "Chiclana bei Cadiz, Südspanien" by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 2.

Triton costatus Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 308. Type(s): Not stated. Type locality: "Spanien". Synonymy by Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 68.

Salamandra major Gray In Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9: 106. Type(s): BMNH, by original designation; but presumably now lost. Type locality: Gibraltar. Synonymy by Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 19; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 27.

Salamandra fenestrata Gray In Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9: 106. Holotype: MNHNP, by original designation, but presumably now lost. Type locality: Gibraltar. Synonymy by Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 68.

Salamandra pleurodeles Schlegel, 1837, Abbild. Neuer Unvollst. Amph., 1: 122. Schlegel, 1840, Abbild. Neuer Unvollst. Amph., Atlas: pl. 39, fig. 2, 3. Substitute name for Pleurodeles waltl Michahelles, 1830.

Bradybates ventricosus Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 56, 91. Holotype: MHNN, by original designation. Type locality: "Hispania" = Spain. Synonymy by Lataste, 1879, Act. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, Ser. 4, 3: 113-118; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 24.

Pleurodeles waltliiWaltl, 1839, Reise Tyrol, Thier. Andalusiens, 2: 29. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Pleurodeles walteleiSchinz, 1840, Eur. Fauna, Rept. Fishe: 64. Spelling error.

Pleurodeles WatliiDuméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 72. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Pleurodeles exasperatus Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 73. Type(s): Not stated; MNHNP 4662 considered holotype by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 31. Type locality: unknown. Synonymy by Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 73.

Pleurodeles waltliWiedersheim, 1877, Morphol. Jahrb., 3: 465. Thorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 124. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Triturus (Triturus) waltliBoulenger, 1878, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 3: 308.

Molge waltliiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 27.

Triton pleurodelus Schulze, 1891, Jahresber. Abhandl. Naturwiss. Ver. Magdeburg, 1890: 170. Replacement name for Pleurodeles waltl Michahelles, 1930.

Triton (Pleurodeles) waltliiWolterstorff, 1901, Feuille Jeunes Nat., Ser. 4, 31: 77.

Triton waltliGadow, 1901, Amphibia and Reptiles: 123.

Pleurodeles waltlDunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 450. Wolterstorff and Herre, 1935, Arch. Naturgesch., Leipzig, N. F., 4: 224.

Pleurodeles (Pleurodeles) waltlRisch, 1985, J. Bengal Nat. Hist. Soc., N.S.,, 4: 141. Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 11.

English Names

Sharp-ribbed Salamander (Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 38; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 53).

Ribbed Salamander (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 39).

Ribbed Newt (Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 53).

Spanish Newt (Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 53).

Spanish Ribbed Newt (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Sharp-ribbed Newt (Martínez Rica, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 62).

Iberian Ribbed Newt (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 39).

Distribution

Iberia, except for north and northeast; coastal plain of northern Morocco.

Comment

Frequently referred to incorrectly as Pleurodeles waltli. See account by Salvador, 1996, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 109: 5-7, for account of North African population. Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 209-217, provided an account. See also discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Martínez Rica, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 62-63. Salvador and García-París, 1999, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(1): 209-228, provided an extensive review of biology. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 95-100, provided an account for the Iberian populations. Obst IN Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 76-78, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Montori, Llorente, Santos, and Carretero, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 109-111, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Iberia. Batista, Harris, and Carretero, 2003, Herpetozoa, Wien, 16: 166-168, and Carranza and Arnold, 2004, Syst. Biodiversity, 1: 327-337, suggested that Pleurodeles waltl is composed of two genetically distinctive geographical groups: 1) one in southeastern and eastern Spain as well as in northern Morocco (where its presence they thought by Carranza and Arnold) might be due to human introduction); 2) Portugal and southwestern and central Spain. Llorente, Montori, Santos, and Carretero, 1995, Atlas Amf. Rept. Catalunya Andorra: 44-45, provided an account and detailed range map for Catalunya. Veith, Mayer, Samraoui, Donaire-Barroso, and Bogaerts, 2004, J. Biogeograph., 31: 159-171, reported on molecular phylogeography and relationships with Pleurodeles poireti. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 642. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 169-172, provided a brief account and polygon map for Europe. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 36-39, provided a brief account for northeastern Spain. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 29-31, discussed the Moroccan population and its previous confusion with Pleurodeles poireti. Van de Vliet, Diekmann, Machado, Beebee, Beja, and Serrão, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 38–44, reported on the geographic patterns of genetic differention in southwestern Portugal. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 178–179, provided a brief account, photographs, and range map. Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Barbosa, and Martínez-Solano, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 112: 122–137, reported on molecular phylogeography. 

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