Ommatotriton ophryticus (Berthold, 1846)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Ommatotriton > Species: Ommatotriton ophryticus

Triton ophryticus Berthold, 1846, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, 1846: 189. Syntypes: ZIUG (2 specimens), now in ZFMK; ZFMK 27793 designated lectotype by Böhme and Bischoff, 1984, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 19: 175. Type locality: "bei Tiflis" (= Tbilisi), Georgia.

Triton vittatus forma ophryticaWolterstorff, 1906, Zool. Anz., 29: 650. Lantz, 1912, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 23: 181.

Molge vittata ophryticaLantz, 1912, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 23: 181-188.

Molge vittatus ophryticusNikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 220.

Triton vittatus subsp. ophryticaWolterstorff, 1925, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 4: 267.

Triturus vittatus ophryticusTerentjev and Chernov, 1936, Brief Guide Amph. Rept. USSR: 13; Tuniyev, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 143.

Triturus ophryticus ophryticusLitvinchuk, Zuiderwijk, Borkin, and Rosanov, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 317.

Ommatotriton ophryticusLitvinchuk, Zuiderwijk, Borkin, and Rosanov, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 317, by implication.

English Names

Banded Newt (Triturus vittatus ophryticus: Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Distribution

Northeastern Turkey (from the vicinity of Çatalan) east into northern Armenia and Georgia (possibly into extreme western Azerbaijan) and northwest to the vicinity of Goryachiy Kluch in southern Russia. 

Comment

Removed from the synonymy Triturus vittatus by Litvinchuk, Zuiderwijk, Borkin, and Rosanov, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 317, where it had been placed by Lataste, 1877, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 2: XXX: Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 13; Wolterstorff, 1906, Zool. Anz., 29: 650. Litvinchuk, Zuiderwijk, Borkin, and Rosanov, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 305-323, reported on taxonomic history, geographic variation of allozymes, genome size, and morphology, and recognized two subspecies, Triturus ophryticus ophryticus and Triturus ophryticus nesterovi (now Ommatotriton nesterovi). Literature of this species is intertwined with that of Triturus vittatus. See that account for access to literature. See comments by Tuniyev, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 143-160, and Tuniyev, 1999, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 3: 50, regarding the status of Triturus vittatus ophryticus. Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 103-105, provided an account (as Triturus vittatus ophryticus). Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 137–138, provided a brief account, photo, and map in the sense of including Ommatotriton nesterovi. Arekelyan, Danielyan, Corti, Sindaco, and Leviton, 2012, Herpetofauna of Armenia: 38-39, provided a brief account for Armernia. See Ommatotriton nesterovi for relevant literature. 

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