Notophthalmus Rafinesque, 1820

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Notophthalmus
3 species

Notophthalmus Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Nat., Lexington, 1: 5. Type species: Triturus (Diemictylus) miniatus Rafinesque, 1820, by monotypy. Proposed originally as a subgenus of Triturus.

Diemictylus Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Nat., Lexington, 1: 5. Type species: Triturus (Diemictylus) viridescens Rafinesque, 1820, by monotypy. Proposed originally as a subgenus of Triturus. Synonymy by Baird, 1850 "1849", J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 1: 284 (first revisor).

Tristella Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 23. Type species: Salamandra symmetrica Harlan, 1825, by monotypy. Suggested as a junior synonym of Notophthalmus.

NotophthalmiaGray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 22. Erroneous spelling. Placed on Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 635, Anonymous, 1962, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 19: 152-155.

DiemyctylusHallowell, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 11. Incorrect subsequent spelling or emendation. Placed on Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 635, Anonymous, 1962, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 19: 152-155.

NotophthalmaGray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1858: 138. Incorrect subsequent spelling or unjustified emendation. Placed on Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 635, Anonymous, 1962, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 19: 152-155.

Rafinus Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 57. Type species: Diemyctylus miniatus meridionalis Cope, 1880, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Notophthalmus.

English Names

Spotted Newts (Jordan, 1878, Man. Vert. North. U.S., Ed. 2: 191).

Eastern Newts (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 8; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 31; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 29 Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 30).

Newts (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 12).

Red-spotted Newts (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 25).

Distribution

Eastern North America southward through eastern Texas (USA) to northern Veracruz, eastern San Luis Potosí, and Puebla, Mexico.

Comment

Notophthalmus selected over Diemictylus under rule of first revisor. Both Notophthalmus and Diemictylus named as subgenera of Triturus. See Smith, 1953, Herpetologica, 9: 95–99, for a summary of the nomenclatural history. Reilly, 1990, Herpetologica, 46: 51–59, reported on genic variation and phylogeny, suggesting a tree of Notophthalmus viridescens (Notophthalmus perstriatus + Notophthalmus meridionalis). Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 57, implied Notophthalmus perstriatus and Notophthalmus meridionalis, to be in Rafinus on the basis of phylogenetic propinquity, but on page 67 of the same work stated Notophthalmus perstriatus to be a member of the subgenus Notophthalmus, not Rafinus, implying a paraphyletic subgenus Notophthalmus. See species accounts by Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 446–462. Weisrock, Papenfuss, Macey, Litvinchuk, Polymeni, Ugurtas, Zhao, Jowkar, and Larson, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 855–857, recovered Notophthalmus as the sister taxon of Taricha on the basis of a DNA sequence study. Powell, Collins, and Hooper, 2011, Key Herpetofauna U.S. & Canada, 2nd Ed.: 13, provided a key to the species.

Contained taxa (3 sp.):

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