Neurergus derjugini (Nesterov, 1916)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Neurergus > Species: Neurergus derjugini

Rhithrotriton derjugini Nesterov, 1916, Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. Petrograd, 21: 1. Syntypes: ZISP, according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 54, but including animal figured in original publication. Type locality: "montibus Surkeu" (= Surkev Mountains, Kurdistan), Iran. Synonymy by with Neurergus crocatus by Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 197; Wolterstorff, 1926, Zool. Anz., 67: 1-6.

Rhithrotriton derjugini var. microspilotus Nesterov, 1916, Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. Petrograd, 21: 2, 5. Type(s): Including animal figured in the original publication; possibly ZISP, but not seen by Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 198. Type locality: "montibus Auromana" (= Avroman-Dagh), Balch, Iraq, and Tawale, Province Kurdistan, Iran.

Triton crocatus forma microspilotaWolterstorff, 1926, Zool. Anz., 67: 2.

Triton crocatus forma derjuginiWolterstorff, 1926, Zool. Anz., 67: 1-6.

Triton crocatus microspilotusBolkay, 1927, Glasn. Zemaljskog Muz. Bosni Hercegov., 39: 67.

Neurergus derjuginiTerentjev, 1930, Trudy Leningrad. Obshchestvo Estestvoispytateleĭ, 40: 59.

Neurergus crocatus microspilotusSchmidt, 1939, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 24: 52.

Triturus crocatus derjuginiBodenheimer, 1944, Istanbul Univ. Fen. Fak. Mec., Seri B, 9: 7.

Triturus crocatus microspilotusBodenheimer, 1944, Istanbul Univ. Fen. Fak. Mec., Seri B, 9: 7.

Neurergus microspilotusSchmidtler and Schmidtler, 1975, Salamandra, 11: 93.

Neurergus (Neurergus) microspilotusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

Neurergus derjugini derjuginiSchneider and Schneider, 2011, Herpetozoa, Wien, 23: 3.

Neurergus derjugini microspilotusSchneider and Schneider, 2011, Herpetozoa, Wien, 23: 3.

English Names

Kurdistan Newt (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 32; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Kordestan Newt (Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 98).

Derjugin's (Kordestan) Mountain Newt (Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 267). 

Distribution

Montane western Kordestan, West Azarbaijan, and northwestern Kermanshah provinces near the Iraq border, Iran, 1300–1400 m elevation.

Comment

Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 346-347, and Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 98-100, provided accounts. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 140–141, provided a brief account, photo, and map.  Sharifi, Rastegar-Pouyani, Akmali, and Narenji, 2008, Russ. J. Herpetol., 15: 169-172, discussed geographic variation of morphology. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 604. Özdemir, Üzüm, Avci, and Olgun, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 280-291, suggested that Neurergus kaiseri is the sister taxon of Neurergus microspilotus. Schneider and Schneider, 2011, Herpetozoa, Wien, 23: 3-20, discussed the taxonomy of this species, transferred Rhithrotriton derjugini from the synonymy of Neurergus crocatus and recognized two nominal subspecies. Schneider and Schneider, 2013, Herpetozoa, Wien, 26: 27-38, reported on geographic variation, provided new localities, and confirmed the synonymy of Neurergus microspilotusSafaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, reported on distribution and conservation status in Iran. 

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