Lissotriton meridionalis (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Lissotriton > Species: Lissotriton meridionalis

Molge vulgaris var. meridionalis Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 16. Syntypes: BMNH. Type locality: "Turin", Italy, and "Görz", Austria; restricted by Mertens and Müller, 1940, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 451: 11, to "Turin", Italy.

Molge vulgaris subsp. kapelana Méhely, 1904, Allatt. Kozl., Budapest, 3: 260 (also described as new by Méhely, 1905, Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Natl. Hungarici, 3: 277). Syntypes: Including NHMW 22859.1–2, according to Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 17. Type locality: "Kapela", Croatia; restricted to "Mrkopalj, Comitat Modruz-Fiume, Kroatien" by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 13. Synonymy with Molge meridionalis by Boulenger, 1905, Zool. Rec., 41: 39. Placement in this synonymy is provisional due to its geographic location (DRF).

Triton meridionalisSchreiber, 1912, Herpetol. Eur., Ed. 2: 78.

Triton taeniatus var. orientalis Schreiber, 1912, Herpetol. Eur., Ed. 2: 78. Nomen nudum coined in the synonymy of Triton meridionalis and attributed in error to Tourneville, 1879, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 4: 82, in which the name does not appear. Not Triton orientalis David, 1875.

Triton vulgaris meridionalisWolterstorff, 1912, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 23: 190.

Triturus vulgaris boulengeri Dunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 452. Replacement name for Molge vulgaris var. meridionalis Boulenger, 1882, a potential secondary homonym of Diemyctylus miniatus meridionalis Cope, 1880.

Molge vulgaris meridionalisNikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 233.

Triton vulgaris subsp. meridionalisWolterstorff, 1925, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 4: 273.

Molge italica molisana Altobello, 1926, Annu. Ist. Tecnico L. Pilla, Campobasso, 1925–1926: 26. Type(s): Not known and presumed lost by Lanza, 1977, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., 11: 115. Type locality: Molise, Italy; restricted to XXX by Mertens and Wermuth, 1960, Amph. Rept. Europas: XXX. Considered to be a name based on a mixed sample of Triturus vulgaris meridionalis and Triturus italicus by Lanza, 1977, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., 11: 115, who regarded Molge italica molisana to appropriately rest in the synonymy of both species.

Triturus vulgaris kapelanusMertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 13.

Triton (Palaeotriton) vulgaris meridionalisBolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259.

Spelerpes ferrugineus Lazzarini, 1930, Atti Accad. Sci., Lett. Art. Udine, Ser. 5, 9: 171. Type(s): Deposition not stated but animals figured on pl. 1, fig. 3-4 of the original publication. Type locality: "il versante sud-est dell'Appennino, o tutt'al piú a sud del corso inferior del Po", northern Italy. Restricted to Friaul (Friuli-Venezia Giulia Province, northern Italy, by Mertens and Müller, 1940, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 451: 11. Synonymy (with Triturus vulgaris meridionalis) by Galgano, 1948 "1947", Monit. Zool. Ital., 56: 96.

Triturus vulgaris meridionalisHerre, 1933, Zool. Anz., 104: 191.

Hydromantes genei ferrugineusAellen, 1958, Senckenb. Biol., 39: 155. Based on misapplication of name to specimens of Triturus vulgaris and erroneously attributed to Pomini, 1936, Arch. Zool. Ital. Torino, 23: 241-272.

Lissotriton meridionalisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 40.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (vulgaris) meridionalisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

English Names

Southern Smooth Newt (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Distribution

Central and northern Italy to Slovenia and adjacent Croatia.

Comment

Lanza, 1983, Guide Reconoscimento Spec. Animali, Anf. Rett.: 76-79, reported on the Italian populations as a population of Triturus vulgaris. See comment under Lissotriton vulgaris. Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 40, discussed their rationale for considering this a species distinct from Lissotriton vulgaris. See detailed account (as Lissotriton vulgaris meridionalis) by Razzetti, Lapini, and Bernini, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 246-254, for Italian population. Speybroeck, Beukema, and Crochet, 2010, Zootaxa, 2492: 3, discussed the problematic nature of the evidence supporting recognition of this taxon and refrained from recognizing it as a species distinct from Lissotriton vulgarisRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 122, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Maura, Salvi, Bologna, Nascetti, and Canestrelli, 2014, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 113: 590–603, reported on molecular phylogeography and biogeography. 

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