Lissotriton kosswigi (Freytag, 1955)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Lissotriton > Species: Lissotriton kosswigi

Triturus vulgaris kosswigi Freytag, 1955, Zool. Anz., 154: 195. Holotype: MM 481 n.F., according to Böhme, 1974, Bonn. Zool. Beitr., 25: 172. Type locality: "Abant-See bei Bolu, 1300 meters Höhe, Nordanatolien", Turkey.

Lissotriton kosswigiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 40.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton)(vulgaris) kosswigiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

English Names

None noted.


Northwestern Turkey on the Black Sea Coast from the Bosporus to the vicinity of Zonguidak.


Başoğlu and Özeti, 1973, Türkiye Amphibileri: 44-50, and Özeti and Yilmaz, 1994, Türkiye Amfibileri: 68-79, provided accounts for the Turkish populations (as Triturus vulgaris kosswigi and Triturus vulgaris schmidtleri). Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 40, discussed their reasoning for recognizing this as a species distinct from Lissotriton vulgaris. See comment under Lissotriton vulgarisRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 123, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Wielstra, Bozkurt, and Olgun, 2015, ZooKeys, 484: 11–23, provided a map and discussed the species range. Range and relationships discussed by Pabijan, Zieliński, Dudek, Stuglik, and Babik, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 116: 1–12. 

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