Lissotriton italicus (Peracca, 1898)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Lissotriton > Species: Lissotriton italicus

Molge italica Peracca, 1898, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 13 (317): 1. Syntypes: BMNH 1946.9.5.93-99 and 1946.9.6.1-7, NHMW 22877.1-2 and 22878.1-7 (according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 11,and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 14), MZUF 655-56, MZUT 589 (36 specimens), 590 (43 specimens), 583 (111 specimens). MZUT An 590.1 designated lectotype by Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 127. Type locality: "Potenza" and "Potenza di Basilicata", southern Italy. Lectotype from Basilicata, Potenza, 822 m elevation, Italy.

Triton italicusWolterstorff, 1912, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 23: 190.

Molge italica molisana Altobello, 1926, Annu. Ist. Tecnico L. Pilla, Campobasso, 1925–1926: 26. Type(s): Not known and presumed lost by Lanza, 1977, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., 11: 115. Type locality: XXX; restricted to Molise, Italy, by Mertens and Wermuth, 1960, Amph. Rept. Europas: 33. Considered to be a name based on a mixed sample of Triturus vulgaris meridionalis and Triturus italicus by Lanza, 1977, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., 11: 115, who regarded Molge italica molisana to appropriately rest in the synonymy of both species.

Triton (Palaeotriton) italicusBolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259.

Triturus italicusMertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 12. Mancino, 1968, Rend. Accad. Naz. Lincei, Rend. Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Nat., 44: 697..

Triturus (Palaeotriton) italicusBolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259-319. Thorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 191.

Triturus vulgaris italicusMertens and Wermuth, 1960, Amph. Rept. Europas: 33.

Triturus italicusHellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 48.

Triturus (Palaeotriton) italicusMacGregor, Sessions, and Arntzen, 1990, J. Evol. Biol., 3: 329.

Lissotriton italicusGarcía-París, Montori, and Herrero, 2004, Fauna Iberica, 24: 50, by implication.

Lophinus italicusLitvinchuk, Zuiderwijk, Borkin, and Rosanov, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 317, by implication.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (italicus) italicusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (italicus) italicus italicusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (italicus) italicus molisanusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

English Names

Italian Newt (Bruno, 1973, Natura, Milano, 64: 339; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 52; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 34; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 66; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 48).

South Italian Newt (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 48; Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Distribution

East-central and southern Italy.

Comment

See genic variation study of Ragghianti and Wake, 1986, Herpetologica, 42: 206-214. Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 262-265, and Sparreboom, 2003, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(IIA): 707-725, provided accounts (as Triturus italicus). See also discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Sparreboom, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 80-81. Lanza, 1983, Guide Reconoscimento Spec. Animali, Anf. Rett.: 75-76, reported on the Italian populations. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 49-50, provided a brief account, figure, and map, as did Obst IN Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 93-95, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 108-109. See detailed account by Scillitani and Tripepi, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 239-246. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 199-201, provided a brief account and polygon map. Canestrelli, Sacco, and Nascetti, 2011, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 105: 42-55, reported on molecular phylogeography and Pleistocene refugia. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 126provided a brief account, photo, and map. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.