Lissotriton helveticus (Razoumovsky, 1789)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Lissotriton > Species: Lissotriton helveticus

Lacerta helvetica Razoumovsky, 1789, Hist. Nat. Jorat, 1: 111. Type(s): Not stated or known to exist. Type locality: "notre fontaine de Vernens", Kanton Waadt, Switzerland.

Lacerta paradoxa Razoumovsky, 1789, Hist. Nat. Jorat, 1: 111. Type(s): Not stated or known to exist. Type locality: "notre fontaine de Vernens", Kanton Waadt, Switzerland. Alternative name for Lacerta helvetica Razoumowsky, 1789. Treated as junior to Lacerta helvetica by Leydig, 1867, Arch. Naturgesch., 33: 220. Not Lacerta paradoxa Bedriaga, 1886. Synonymy by Schreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 31.

Salamandra palmata Schneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 72. Type(s): Including animals figured by Razoumovsky, 1789, Hist. Nat. Jorat, 1: 111, pl. 2, fig. 5. Type locality: Including "Gallia". Synonymy by Leydig, 1867, Arch. Naturgesch., 33: 220; Schreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 31.

Salamandra palmipes Latreille, 1800 "An. VIII", Hist. Nat. Salamand. France: 31, 55. Type(s): Not stated, but presumably originally in MNHNP. Type locality: "France". Coined as a junior synonym or substitute name for Salamandra palmata Schneider, 1799.

Molge palmataMerrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 186.

Triton palmatusMillet de la Turtaudière, 1828, Fauna de Maine et Loire: 688. Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 208; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 95; Schreiber, 1912, Herpetol. Eur., Ed. 2: 73.

Lissotriton palmipesBell, 1839, Hist. Brit. Rept.: 139.

Lophinus palmatusGray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 28. Wolterstorff, 1912, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 23: 190.

Triton laevis Higginbottom, 1853, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 2, 12: 370. Type(s): Not designated, presumably in BMNH or lost. Type locality: "England". Named as a synonym of Triton palmipes—Bell.

Triton minor Higginbottom, 1853, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 2, 12: 382. Type(s): Not designated, presumably in BMNH or now lost. Type locality: "England" and "Scotland". Synonymy by Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 98.

Triton helveticusLeydig, 1867, Arch. Naturgesch., 33: 220.

Triton (Lissotriton) palmatusFatio, 1872, Fauna Vert. Suisse, 3: 570.

Triton alonsoi López-Seoane, 1885 "1884", La Identidad de Lacerta schreiberi . . .: 12. Syntypes: Not stated; originally five specimens in López-Seoane's personal collection according to Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 10-11, who considered MNHNP 1889.648-650 likely to be members of this series. Type locality: "en los riachuelos y fuentes" of Galicia, Spain; restricted by Salvador, 1974, Guia Anf. Rept. Esp.: 236, to "Cabañas en La Coruña"; given as "Asturies (Espagne)" by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 10. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1886, Zool. Rec., 22: 25.

Triton paradoxusDürigen, 1897, Deutschl. Amph. Rept.: 616.

Triton (Triton) palmatusWolterstorff, 1901, Feuille Jeunes Nat., Ser. 4, 31: 76.

Triton palmatus forma sequeirai Wolterstorff, 1905, C. R. Séances 6th Congr. Internatl. Zool., Berne, 1904: 259. Syntypes: Not stated, although originally in MM and destroyed in WWII according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 99. Type locality: "bei Porto-Tieren", Portugal.

Diemictylus palmatusFowler and Dunn, 1917, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 69: 28.

Triturus helveticusDunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 452. Herre, 1935, Zoologica, Stuttgart, 33: 63.

Triturus palmatus sequeiraiMertens, 1925, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 39: 29.

Triton (Palaeotriton) palmatusBolkay, 1927, Glasn. Zemaljskog Muz. Bosni Hercegov., 39: 63. Bolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259.

Triturus helveticus helveticusMertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 12.

Triturus helveticus sequeiraiMertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 12.

Triturus helveticus punctillatus Schmidtler, 1970 "1969", Abh. Ber. Naturkd. Magdeburg, 11: 221. Holotype: MM 1.15.4.64, by original designation and according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 99, now probably lost according to Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 158, who provided additional comment. Type locality: "Pozo Negro ("Schwarzer Brunnen" [= Black Spring]), 1770 m, Karsee in der Sierra de la Demanda, s. Fresneda de la Sierra (Burgos)", northern Spain. Status disputed by Schlüpmann and Van Gelder, 2003, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(IIB): 759-846.

Triturus helveticus alonsoiSalvador, 1974, Guia Anf. Rept. Esp.: 236.

Triturus (Palaeotriton) helveticusMacGregor, Sessions, and Arntzen, 1990, J. Evol. Biol., 3: 329.

Lissotriton helveticusGarcía-París, Montori, and Herrero, 2004, Fauna Iberica, 24: 252.

Lissotriton helveticus helveticusGarcía-París, Monton, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2004, in García-París et al. (eds.), Fauna Iberica, 24: 593.

Lissotriton helveticus alonsoiGarcía-París, Monton, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2004, in García-París et al. (eds.), Fauna Iberica, 24: 594.

Lissotriton helveticus punctillatusGarcía-París, Monton, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2004, in García-París et al. (eds.), Fauna Iberica, 24: 594.

Lophinus helveticusLitvinchuk, Zuiderwijk, Borkin, and Rosanov, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 317, by implication.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (helveticus) helveticusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (helveticus) helveticus alonsoiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (helveticus) helveticus helveticusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (helveticus) helveticus punctillatusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

English Names

Palmated Newt (Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 182 (as Lissotriton palmipes); Flower, 1933, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1933: 837).

Palmated Smooth-newt (Lissotriton palmipes: Bell, 1839, Hist. Brit. Rept.: 139).

Palmate Newt (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 41; Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 51; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 34; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 66; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 48).

Palmate Newt (Triturus helveticus helveticus: Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 41; Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Iberian Palmate Newt (Triturus helveticus sequeirai: Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Distribution

Britain; continental western Europe from northern Germany to southern France and northern Iberia, and east to Czech Republic.

Comment

See discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Zuiderwijk, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 78-79. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 119-123, provided an account for the Iberian populations. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 48, provided a brief account, figure, and map, as did Obst IN Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 91-93. Barbadillo-Escrivá and Sánchez-Herraíz, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 120-122, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Iberia. Llorente, Montori, Santos, and Carretero, 1995, Atlas Amf. Rept. Catalunya Andorra: 50-51, provided an account and detailed range map for Catalunya and Andorra. See general accounts by Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 210-214, Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 265-270, Schlüpmann and Van Gelder, 2003, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(IIB): 759-846, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 105-106. Geraeds, 2009, in Creemers and van Delft (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nederland: 114-123, provided a detailed account for the Netherlands. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 53-39, provided a brief account for northeastern Spain, Andorra, and adjacent France. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 124–126, provided a brief account, photo, and map. 

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