Lissotriton graecus (Wolterstorff, 1906)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Lissotriton > Species: Lissotriton graecus

Triton vulgaris graeca Wolterstorff, 1906, Zool. Anz., 29: 137. Syntypes: MM; destroyed in W.W.II. SMF 1038 (presumably exchanged from MM) designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 38. Type locality: "Korfu", Greece.

Triton vulgaris intermedia Kolombatovic, 1907, Glasn. Hrvatsk. Naravosl. Drustva, Zagreb, 19: 13. Holotype: Not stated or known to exist. Type locality: "Karakasika al nord di Sinj", Dalmatia, Croatia. Placed in this synonymy provisionally on the basis of geography (DRF).

Triton vulgaris graeca forma tomasinii Wolterstorff, 1908, Lacerta, 6: 23. Syntypes: MM, by original designation; destroyed in W.W.II according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 109. Type locality: "Teodo di Cattaro", Dalmatia, Croatia. Unavailable tetranominal.

Triton vulgaris graeca forma corcyrensis Wolterstorff, 1908, Lacerta, 6: 23. Syntypes: MM, by original designation; destroyed in W.W.II according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 109. Type locality: "Korfu" Island, Greece. Unavailable tetranominal.

Triton meridionalis var. graecaSchreiber, 1912, Herpetol. Eur., Ed. 2: 82.

Triton vulgaris graecaWolterstorff, 1912, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 23: 190.

Triton meridionalis var. graeca forma tomasiniiSchreiber, 1912, Herpetol. Eur., Ed. 2: 79.

Triton vulgaris forma schreiberi Wolterstorff, 1914, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 2: 371. Syntypes: MM (all except lectotype destroyed in WWII); MM 615 designated lectotype by Bischoff, 1977, Bonn. Zool. Beitr., 28: 117-121. Type locality: "Bokanjacko blato, einem grossen Sumpf bei Zara", Croatia. Placed in this synonymy provisionally on the basis of geography (DRF).

Triton vulgaris forma schreiberiWolterstorff, 1925, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 4: 275.

Triton (Palaeotriton) vulgaris graecusBolkay, 1927, Glasn. Zemaljskog Muz. Bosni Hercegov., 39: 63. Bolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259.

Triturus vulgaris graecusMertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 13.

Triturus vulgaris tomasiniiMertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 13. Mertens and Müller, 1940, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 451: 11.

Triturus vulgaris schreiberiMertens and Müller, 1940, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 451: 11.

Triturus meridionalis graecaBodenheimer, 1944, Istanbul Univ. Fen. Fak. Mec., Seri B, 9: 6.

Lissotriton graecusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 40.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (vulgaris) graecusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

English Names

Greek Newt (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Schreiber's Smooth Newt (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Distribution

Dalmatian coast of central Croatia, south through Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Macedonia, and Albania to Greece.

Comment

Razzetti, Andreone, Corti, and Sindaco, 2006, in Sindaco et al. (ed.), Atlas Ital. Amph. Rept.: 162, suggested that evidence provided by Pellarini and Lapini, 2000, Congr. Naz. Soc. Herpetol. Italica, Torino, 1996: XXX, suggests that Lissotriton vulgaris vulgaris and Lissotriton vulgaris meridionalis may be distinct species. This was formalized by Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 39-40. Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou, and Foufopoulos, 2008, Amph. Rept. Greece: 151-154, provided an account for Greece (as Lissotriton vulgaris). Documented zone of intergradation/hybridization on the eastern part of its range with Lissotriton vulgaris; see comment under Lissotriton vulgaris. Speybroeck, Beukema, and Crochet, 2010, Zootaxa, 2492: 3, discussed the problematic nature of the evidence supporting recognition of this taxon and refrained from recognizing it as a species distinct from Lissotriton vulgaris in part based on an adherence to the biological species concept. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 122–123, provided a brief account, photo, and map. 

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