Echinotriton chinhaiensis (Chang, 1932)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Echinotriton > Species: Echinotriton chinhaiensis

Tylototriton chinhaiensis Chang, 1932, Contrib. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc., China, Zool. Ser., 8: 201. Holotype: Originally Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China Mus. No. H121, now lost; ZMNH 780381 designated neotype by Cai and Fei, 1984, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 3 (1): 71-77. Type locality: "Chenwuan, Chinhai . . . , about 20 miles southeast to Ningpo, Chekiang [=Zhejiang]", China; neotype from "Ruiyansi (about 5 km from Chengwan), Zhenhai, Zhejiang [Province] alt. 140 m", China.

Echinotriton chinhaiensisNussbaum and Brodie, 1982, Herpetologica, 38: 322; Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 44.

Tylototriton (Echinotriton) chinhaiensisZhao and Hu, 1984, Stud. Chinese Tailed Amph.: 16.

Echinotriton chinhaiensisCai and Fei, 1984, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 3 (1): 71; Zhao, 1990, in Zhao (ed.), From Water onto Land: 219.

Pleurodeles (Tylototrion) chinhaiensisRisch, 1985, J. Bengal Nat. Hist. Soc., N.S.,, 4: 142.

Pleurodeles (Echinotriton) chinhaiensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 11.

English Names

Chinai Newt (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Chinhai Spiny Newt (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 46).

Distribution

Known only from the type locality and two nearby valleys east of the city of Ningbo (respectively Chengwan, Ruiyansi and Qiushan, district of Beilun, province of Zhejiang, China), where it inhabits a forest area 100–200 m elevation.

Comment

See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 83; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 46, and Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 190. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 20–21, provided an account for Zhejiang. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 288–294, provided an account and range map.See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 601. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 98–99, provided an account, photographs, and a map. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 313–316, provided an account including photographs and range map. 

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