Echinotriton andersoni (Boulenger, 1892)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Echinotriton > Species: Echinotriton andersoni

Tylototriton Andersoni Boulenger, 1892, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 10: 304. Holotype: BMNH 1947.9.5.89 (formerly 1892.7.14.50), according to XXX; BMNH 1892.9.3.30, according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 112. Type locality: "Okinawa, or Great Loo Choo Island" (= Okinawa), Ryukyu Is., Japan.

Echinotriton andersoniNussbaum and Brodie, 1982, Herpetologica, 38: 321; Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 44.

Tylototriton (Echinotriton) andersoniZhao and Hu, 1984, Stud. Chinese Tailed Amph.: 16.

Pleurodeles (Tylototrion) andersoniRisch, 1985, J. Bengal Nat. Hist. Soc., N.S.,, 4: 142.

Pleurodeles (Echinotriton) andersoniDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 11.

English Names

Anderson's Newt (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Anderson's Crocodile Newt (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 601).

Ryukyu Spiny Newt (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 44).

Japanese Warty Newt (Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 44).

Distribution

Okinawa and Anami, Ryukyu Islands, Japan; old records from Mount Kuanyinshan, northern Taiwan, China.

Comment

Reviewed by Sato, 1943, Monogr. Tailed Batr. Japan: 349-355. See also comments by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 111. See brief account, figure, and map by Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 44. Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 44-46, provided an account (as Tylototriton andersoni), map, and photograph. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 284-288, provided an account and range map for China.See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 601. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 82-83, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Honda, Matsui, Tominaga, Ota, and Tanaka, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 65: 642-653, reported on strong inter-island genetic differentiation and molecular phylogeography. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 97, provided an account, photographs, and a map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 189, provided a brief account, photograph, and map.  Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 311–313, provided a brief account and implied that the record for Taiwan may be in error or the population extinct. 

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