Cynops orientalis (David, 1873)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Cynops > Species: Cynops orientalis

Triton (Cynops) orientalis David, 1873 "1872", J. N. China Branch R. Asiat. Soc., N.S., 7: 226. Syntypes: Not stated; MNHNP 4763 (2 specimens) and 8120-21, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 9. MNHNP 8120-21 rejected as types by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 51, who discussed types and considered only MNHNP 4763 (2 specimens) to be syntypes. Type locality: "Tchékiang", Zhejiang, China; given as "Chüchow, Chekiang", China by Gee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 18; given as Tche-san, near Chuchowfu, Chekiang [= Zhejiang] Province, China by Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 43, and Brame, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 608. Regarded as a nomen nudum by Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 337.

Triton pyrrhogaster orientalisWolterstorff, 1906, Zool. Anz., 30: 558.

Diemictylus orientalisStejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 20.

Triturus orientalisStejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 3. Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 431.

Cynops orientalisWolterstorff and Herre, 1935, Arch. Naturgesch., Leipzig, N. F., 4: 224.

Hypselotriton (Pingia) orientalisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 65.

Cynops orientalis qianshan Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 599. Holotype: CIB 74II0751, by original designation. Type locality: "Yidu, Qianshan Co., (30° 37′ N, 116° 34′ E), Anhui Prov., China: altitude 600m". See corrigenda in Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 409. 

Hypselotriton (Cynotriton) orientalis — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2011, Alytes, 27: 152. 

Hypselotriton (Cynotriton) orientalis orientalis —  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 155. 

Hypselotriton (Cynotriton) orientalis qianshan —  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 156. 

English Names

Chinese Dwarf Newt (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Chinese Fire-bellied Newt (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 31).

Oriental Fire-bellied Newt (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 54).

Distribution

East-central China, including Henan, southern Anhui, Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangxi, Fujian, eastern Hubei, and eastern Hunan.

Comment

See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 103; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 54-56; and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 315-318. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 27-29, provided an account for Zhejiang. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 337-342, provided an account and range map. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 127-128, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 100, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 124–125, provided an account, photographs, and map. Yuan, Jiang, Ding, Zhang, and Che, 2013, Asian Herpetol. Res., Ser. 2, 4: 116–123, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of this species.  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 155–156, provided brief accounts by subspecies, photographs, and range map. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 406–410, provided accounts by subspecies, photographs, and range maps and noted that this is a member of the Cynops orientalis group. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 83–88, provided an account for Hunan, China.     

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.