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Pleurodelinae Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae
93 species

Tritonidae Boie, 1828, Isis von Oken, 21: 363. Type genus: Triton Laurenti, 1768.

Tritones Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 26. Type genus: Triton Laurenti, 1768.

Tritonides Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 26. Type genus: Triton Laurenti, 1768.

Pleurodeles Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 26. Type genus: Pleurodeles Michahelles, 1830.

Pleurodelina Bonaparte, 1839, Iconograph. Fauna Ital., 2 (Fasc. 26): unnumbered; Bonaparte, 1840, Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat., Bologna, 4: 11. Type genus: Pleurodeles Michahelles, 1830.

PleurodelaeFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 33. Subsequent usage of "Pleurodelae Tschud."

TritoninesBronn, 1849, Handb. Geschich. Natur, 5: 683. Pleurodelidae—Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p.

PleurodelinaBonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p.

Bradybatina Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p. Type genus: Bradybates Tschudi, 1838. Synonymy by XXX.

Tritonina Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p. Type genus: Triton Laurenti, 1768 (= Triturus Rafinesque, 1815).  

Geotritonidae Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p. Type genus: Geotriton Bonaparte, 1832 (= Triturus Rafinesque, 1815).

GeotritoninaBonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p.

Molgidae Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 14. Type genus: Molge Merrem, 1820.

PleurodeliniMassalongo, 1853, Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat., Bologna, Ser. 3, 7: 11.

Pleurodelidae — Hallowell, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 10.

SeiranotidaeHallowell, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 10; Hallowell, 1858, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 3: 337.

TritonidaeHallowell, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 10.

TritonidiAcloque, 1900, Fauna de France, 1: 491.

Triturinae Brame, 1957, List World’s Recent Caudata: 9. Type genus: Triturus Rafinesque, 1815. Unavailable name due to being distributed by mimeograph.

Voigtiellinae Brame, 1958, List World’s Fossil Caudata: 4. Type Genus: Voigtiella Herre, 1949. Unavailable name due to being distributed by mimeograph.

Triturinae Kuhn, 1965, Die Amphib.: 37. Type genus: Triturus Rafinesque, 1815. Attributed to Brame, 1957.

Pleurodelinae Risch, 1985, J. Bengal Nat. Hist. Soc., N.S.,, 4: 139–143; Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 42.

MolginiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 44. Explicit tribe.

MolginaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 44. Explicit subtribe.

MolgitaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 44. Explicit infratribe.

CynopitaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 44. Explicit infratribe.

EuproctitaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 44. Explicit infratribe.

Tarichina Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 57. Type genus: Taricha Gray, 1850. Explicit subtribe.

Chioglossini Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 57. Type species: Chioglossa Bocage, 1864, by original designation. Explicit tribe.

Pleurodelini — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 150. Explicit tribe. 

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

From the British Isles and Scandinavia eastward to the Ural Mountains, southward into the Iberian Peninsula and Asia Minor; north-central India and China to northern Vietnam; extreme northwestern Africa; southern Canada and the USA to extreme northern Mexico.

Comment

Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 42, redelimited Pleurodelinae to exclude Salamandrininae; see comments under Salamandridae. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, on the basis of a study of legacy DNA sequences suggested a phylogenetic arrangment (based on a Maximum Likelihood tree) of the genera: (((Pleurodeles + (Tylototriton + Echinotriton)) + ((Notophthalmus + Taricha)) + (Lissotriton + (((Triturus + Calotriton) + (Ommatotriton + Neurergus)) + (Euproctus + (Ichthyosaura + (Laotriton + (Pachytriton + (Paramesotriton + Cynops))))))))). Chen, Wang, Liu, Xie, and Jiang, 2011, Curr. Zool., Chengdu, 57: 785–805, on the basis of 11 protein-coding mtDNA genes, suggested a considerably different topology, with a taxon composed of Pleurodeles, Echinotriton, and Tylototriton forming the sister taxon of all other pleurodelines.

Contained taxa (93 sp.):

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