Rhyacotriton olympicus (Gaige, 1917)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Rhyacotritonidae > Genus: Rhyacotriton > Species: Rhyacotriton olympicus

Ranodon olympicus Gaige, 1917, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 40: 2. Holotype: UMMZ 48607, by original designation; this was corrected to UMMZ 48608 by Peters, 1952, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 539: 9; Kluge, 1983, Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 166: 21, disagreed with Peters and reaffirmed that UMMZ 48607 is the holotype. Type locality: "Lake Cushman, [Olympic Mountains,] Washington", USA.

Rhyacotriton olympicusDunn, 1920, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 7: 56.

Rhyacotriton olympicus olympicusStebbins and Lowe, 1951, Univ. California Publ. Zool., 50: 465.

English Names

Mountain Salamander (Rhyacotriton olympicus: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 17),

Olympic Salamander (Rhyacotriton olympicus: Slevin, 1928, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 16: 39; Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 178; Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 55; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 36; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 9),

Olympic Torrent Salamander (Rhyacotriton olympicus: Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 30; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 162; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 15; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 31; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 33).

Olympic Mountain Salamander (Rhyacotriton olympicus olympicus [no longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 17),

Northern Olympic Salamander (Rhyacotriton olympicus olympicus [no longer recognized]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 37; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 9; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 34).

Distribution

Cold mountain streams in conifer forest on the Olympic Peninsula in Clallam, Grays Harbor, Jefferson, and Mason counties, USA; an isolated population in Thurston county, Washington, USA.

Comment

Literature referring to this binominal previous to the revision of Good and Wake, 1992, Univ. California Publ. Zool., 126: 1–91, may refer to any of the several species. Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 439–440, provided an account. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 162, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Hayes and Jones, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 880–882, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature.. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 599. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 224, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 131–132, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. 

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