Speleomantes strinatii (Aellen, 1958)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Speleomantes > Species: Speleomantes strinatii

Hydromantes italicus strinatii Aellen, 1958, Senckenb. Biol., 39: 156. Holotype: MHNG 926.16, by original designation. Type locality: "grotte d'Aspremont, Alpes-Maritimes, France".

Hydromantes genei strinatiiSteward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 140.

Hydromantes italicus argentatus Stefani, 1969 "1968", Arch. Zool. Ital. Torino, 53: 226. Holotype: IZUG unnumbered, by original designation. Type locality: "Grotte [= Grotta] delle Ruccaie in Val Varatella presso Toirano (prov. Savona)", Italy. Synonymy by Lanza, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1982, Boll. Zool., Padua, 49 (Suppl.): 103. Synonymy with Hydromantes strinatii by Nascetti, Cimmaruta, Lanza, and Bullini, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 165.

Hydromantes italicus ligusticus Stefani, 1969 "1968", Arch. Zool. Ital. Torino, 53: 228. Holotype: IZUG unnumbered, by original designation. Type locality: "dintorni di Genova (Pertüzo do Paolin, Pertüzo do Canté) e Rapallo (Grotta Valdettaro)", Italy. Synonymy with Hydromantes ambrosii by Lanza, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1982, Boll. Zool., Padua, 49 (Suppl.): 103. Synonymy with Hydromantes strinatii by Nascetti, Cimmaruta, Lanza, and Bullini, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 165.

Hydromantes italicus bonzanoi Bruno and Bologna, 1973, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 114: 82. Types: MSNM unnumberd (Marco Bologna field no. 1271), by original designation; now MSNM Am 1325 according to Blackburn and Scali, 2014, Herpetol. Monogr., 28: 36. Type locality: "Grotta detta «Tana Ia du Casà » (537 Li);, 4° 30′27″ e 44° 00′ 12″; I. G. M.: F 91, Q II, S.E., Pieve di Teco. Situata sul versante Sud del Colle San Bartolomeo, nell'alta Valle del torrente Impero, nel comune di Caravonica, in provincia di Imperia, a m 12 s.l.m.", Liguria, Italy. Synonymy with Hydromantes ambrosii by Lanza, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1982, Boll. Zool., Padua, 49 (Suppl.): 103. Synonymy with Hydromantes strinatii by Nascetti, Cimmaruta, Lanza, and Bullini, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 165.

Hydromantes strinatiiNascetti, Cimmaruta, Lanza, and Bullini, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 161–183.

Speleomantes strinatiiThireau and Doré, 2000, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 125: 251; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 368; Vieites, Min, and Wake, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 19904, and electronic supplemental data.

Hydromantes (Speleomantes) strinatiiWake, Salvador, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 543–548; van der Meijden, Chiari, Mucedda, Carranza, Corti, and Veith, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 51: 401.

Speleomantes (Speleomantes) strinatiiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77–161.

English Names

Strinati's Cave Salamander (Lanza, Caputo, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1995, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 16: 9).

Western Cave Salamander (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Distribution

Maritime Alps of southern France and in maritime northwestern Italy in southwestern and southeastern Piemonte and adjacent Liguria east to western Emilia Romagna and extreme northern Toscana, below 2500 m elevation.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Speleomantes ambrosii by Nascetti, Cimmaruta, Lanza, and Bullini, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 161-183, where it had been placed by Lanza, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1982, Boll. Zool., Padua, 49 (Suppl.): 103. See account by Bruno, 1973, Natura, Milano, 64: 385. See comment under Speleomantes ambrosii with which it has been confused in much literature. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 314-1, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Lanza, Pastorelli, Laghi, and Cimmaruta, 2006 "2005", Atti Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Trieste, 52 (Suppl.): 5-135, provided a review. See detailed account for the Italian population by Lanza, Pastorelli, Laghi, and Cimmaruta, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 152-156. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 437–438, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Cimmaruta, Lucente, and Nascetti, 2015, PLoS One, 10(6: e0131298): 1–21, discussed molecular phylogeography. 

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