Speleomantes genei (Temminck and Schlegel, 1838)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Speleomantes > Species: Speleomantes genei

Salamandra genei Temminck and Schlegel, 1838, Fauna Japonica, 3: 115. Syntype(s): RMNH; RMNH 2296A designated lectotype by Hoogmoed, 1978, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 53: 103. IZUG unnumbered designated neotype apparently in error by Stefani, 1969 "1968", Arch. Zool. Ital. Torino, 53: 218. Type locality: Sardinia; restricted by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 15, to " Berge bei Iglesias [= Mountains near Iglesias], Sardinien", Italy. Invalid neotype from "Corongiu e' mari (Iglesias)", Sardinia, Italy, corresponding to the restricted type locality (by Stefani, 1969 "1968", Arch. Zool. Ital. Torino, 53: 218) of "Monti presso Iglesias (Sardegna sud-occidentale)", Italy.

Geotriton geneiTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 94.

Atylodes geneiGistel, 1868, Die Lurche Europas: 158.

Hydromantes geneiDunn, 1923, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 8: 40.

Hydromantes genei geneiWolterstorff, 1925, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 4: 309.

Hydromantes geneiLanza and Vanni, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 117-121. Lanza, Caputo, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1995, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 16: 10.

Hydromantoides (Speleomantes) geneiDubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 109.

Speleomantes geneiLanza, 1986, in Camard et al. (eds.), Ambiente Nat. Sardegna: 311. Lanza, 1999, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(1): 145; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 377; Vieites, Min, and Wake, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 19904.

Hydromantes (Atylodes) geneiWake, Salvador, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 543-548. van der Meijden, Chiari, Mucedda, Carranza, Corti, and Veith, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 51: 401.

Atylodes geneiVieites, Min, and Wake, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 19904. See also electronic supplemental data with this paper. This taxonomic position rejected by Vieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59623-635.

Speleomantes (Atylodes) ambrosiiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Brown Cave Salamander (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 53; Bruno, 1973, Natura, Milano, 64: 399; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 27)

Sardinian Cave Salamander (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40;Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 54; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 27; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 63).

Gene's Cave Salamander (Lanza, Caputo, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1995, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 16: 10; Lanza, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 42; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 52).

Sardinia Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 34).

Distribution

Southwestern Sardinia (Province of Cagliari, Italy) in the territory known as Sulcis-Iglesiente, 8-650 m elevation.

Comment

Most literature has his species as Hydromantes genei or Speleomantes genei. See Lanza and Vanni, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 117-121, and Lanza, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 42-43 (who noted that a likely undescribed species was masquerading under this name, ). Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 377, provided an account. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 238, provided a brief account and polygon map.Lanza, 1999, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(1): 145-153, provided an extensive review of biology. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 52, provided a brief account, figure, and map, as did Obst IN Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 105-107. Lanza, Pastorelli, Laghi, and Cimmaruta, 2006 "2005", Atti Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Trieste, 52 (Suppl.): 5-135, provided a review. Carranza, Romano, Arnold, and Sotgiu, 2008, J. Biogeograph., 35: 724, noted that on the basis of molecular data, two geographically distinct lineages are recognizable in Sardinia, possibly reflecting species. This division was corroborated by van der Meijden, Chiari, Mucedda, Carranza, Corti, and Veith, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 51: 399-404. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Speleomantes genei) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 592. See detailed account (as Speleomantes genei) by Lanza, Pastorelli, Laghi, and Cimmaruta, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 164-167. Staniszewski, 2011, Salamand. Newts Eur., N. Afr., W. Asia: 22-23, provided photographs of living specimens and habitat as well as a range map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 441, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map as well as discussing the possible cryptic species within this taxon. 

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