Speleomantes ambrosii (Lanza, 1955)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Speleomantes > Species: Speleomantes ambrosii

Hydromantes italicus ambrosii Lanza, 1955 "1954", Arch. Zool. Ital. Torino, 39: 152. Holotype: Lanza Collection no. 106, by original designation. Type locality: "grotta detta 'Sprugola della Cornese (no. 186 Li.), situata nel. Vallone di Fabiano, a m. 240 s. l. m. (comune della Spezia)", Liguria, Italy.

Hydromantes genei ambrosiiSteward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 140.

Hydromantes ambrosiiLanza, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1982, Boll. Zool., Padua, 49 (Suppl.): 103.

Hydromantoides (Speleomantes) ambrosiiDubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 109.

Speleomantes ambrosiiLanza, 1986, in Camard et al. (eds.), Ambiente Nat. Sardegna: 311. Lanza, 1999, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(1): 91; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 368; Vieites, Min, and Wake, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 19904.

Hydromantes ambrosiiLanza, Caputo, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1995, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 16: 9. Nascetti, Cimmaruta, Lanza, and Bullini, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 161-183.

Hydromantes (Speleomantes) ambrosiiWake, Salvador, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 543-548. van der Meijden, Chiari, Mucedda, Carranza, Corti, and Veith, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 51: 401.

Speleomantes ambrosii ambrosiiLanza, Cimmaruta, Forti, Bullini, and Nascetti, 2005, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Giacomo Doria, 97: 67.

Speleomantes ambrosii bianchiiLanza, Cimmaruta, Forti, Bullini, and Nascetti, 2005, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Giacomo Doria, 97: 67. Holotype: Lanza Collection (new) 4452, by original designation. Type locality: "cave Tana (or Buca) dell Pastiòla, c.n. 481 T/MS, 44° 08′ 08″ N—02° 24′ 08″ W (Rome) on the N slope of Mt Bastione (698 m) and on the left side of the Rio Grande, about 1.2 km SSE of Pùlica (church) and 2.3km E of Fosdinovo, 360 m (municipality of Fosdinovo; locality Rio Grande)", Italy.

Hydromantes (Speleomantes) ambrosii ambrosiivan der Meijden, Chiari, Mucedda, Carranza, Corti, and Veith, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 51: 401.

Hydromantes (Speleomantes) ambrosii biachiivan der Meijden, Chiari, Mucedda, Carranza, Corti, and Veith, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 51: 401.

Speleomantes (Speleomantes) ambrosiiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Ambrosi's Cave Salamander (Lanza, Caputo, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1995, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 16: 9; Lanza, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 38).

Spezia Cave Salamander Newt (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).

Distribution

Eastern Liguria and northeastern Toscana, from the extreme southwestern end of La Spezia province and from there to the southern part of the Province of Massa-Carrara, northwestern Italy; introduced into the French Pyrenees near the Spanish border (see comment).

Comment

See Speleomantes strinatii account, which is considered by some (e.g, Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 51) as conspecific. Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 368-367, provided an account (also addressing Speleomantes strinatii). Cimmaruta, Forti, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1999, Ethol. Ecol. Evol., 11: 383-398, provided molecular data in support of the distinction of Speleomantes ambrosii and Speleomantes strinatii. See also discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Lanza, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 38-39, regarding taxonomy and literature. Lanza, 1999, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(1): 91-135, provided an extensive account of biology. Obst IN Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 108, provided a brief account and map. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 235-237, provided a brief account and polygon map.Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 227, noted an introduced population in the French Pyrenees near the Spanish border. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 315-316, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Lanza, Pastorelli, Laghi, and Cimmaruta, 2006 "2005", Atti Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Trieste, 52 (Suppl.): 5-135, provided a review. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 641. See detailed account by Lanza, Pastorelli, Laghi, and Cimmaruta, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 156-159. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 439, provided brief accounts by subspecies, photographs, and range map. 

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