Plethodon welleri Walker, 1931

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon welleri

Plethodon welleri Walker, 1931, Proc. Junior Soc. Nat. Hist. Cincinnati, 2: 48. Holotype: USNM 84135, by original designation. Type locality: "Grandfather Mountain, above 5,000 feet, near Linville, [Avery County], North Carolina", USA.

Plethodon welleri welleriThurow, 1956, Am. Midl. Nat., 55: 343.

Plethodon welleri ventromaculatum Thurow, 1956, Am. Midl. Nat., 55: 344. Holotype: AMNH 54448, by original designation. Type locality: "Mt. Rogers at 5500′ altitude, Grayson County, Virginia", USA. Status rejected by Highton, 1962, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 6: 274.

Plethodon welleri ventromaculatusThurow, 1968, Ser. Biol. Sci., W. Illinois Univ., 6: 36.

Plethodon (Plethodon) welleriVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Weller's Salamander (Plethodon welleri: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 285; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 38; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 276; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 29; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Spot-bellied Salamander (Plethodon welleri ventromaculatus [no longer recognized]: Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 233; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 276).

Spotbelly Salamander (Plethodon welleri ventromaculatus [no longer recognized]: Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8).

Distribution

From Mount Rogers and White Top Mountain, Virginia, south to Yancey County, North Carolina, at higher elevations and into extreme eastern Tennessee.

Comment

In the Plethodon welleri group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See accounts by Thurow, 1964, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 12: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 412–414. Beamer and Lannoo, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 854–856, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 585. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 392, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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