Plethodon wehrlei Fowler and Dunn, 1917

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon wehrlei

Plethodon wehrlei Fowler and Dunn, 1917, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 69: 23. Holotype: ANSP 19123, by original designation. Type locality: "Two Lick Hills, Indiana County, Pennsylvania", USA.

Plethodon dixi Pope and Fowler, 1949, Nat. Hist. Misc., 47: 1. Holotype: FMNH 56510, by original designation. Type locality: "Dixie Caverns, Roanoke County, Virginia", USA. Synonymy by Bogert, 1954, Amph. Rept. World, 2: 1195, and Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 234.

Plethodon jacksoni Newman, 1954, Herpetologica, 10: 9. Holotype: USNM 134498, by original designation. Type locality: "Trillium Vale, elevation 2,100 feet, approximately one mile east of Blacksburg, Montgomery County, Virginia", USA. Synonymy by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 20, and Highton, 1962, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 6: 318.

Plethodon wehrlei wehrleiBogert, 1954, Amph. Rept. World, 2: 1195; Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 234.

Plethodon wehrlei dixiBogert, 1954, Amph. Rept. World, 2: 1195; Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 234.

Plethodon wehrlei jacksoniCochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 20.

Plethodon (Plethodon) wehrleiVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Wehrle's Salamander (Plethodon wehrlei: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 281; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 35; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 277; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 29; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Wehrle's Salamander (Plethodon wejhrlei wehrlei [now coextensive with Plethodon wehrlei]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175). Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 233).

Dunn's Cave Salamander (Plethodon dixii [now longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 35).

Dixie Caverns Salamander (Plethodon dixii [now longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 35).

Roanoke Salamander (Plethodon wehrlei dixi [now longer recognized]: Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 234).

Roanoke Salamander (Plethodon wehrlei: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175). Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 233;

Blacksburg Salamander (Plethodon jacksoni [no longer recognized]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Distribution

From southwestern New York to extreme north-central North Carolina (Stokes County), Virginia, and west to southeastern Ohio; Letcher County, Kentucky, and adjacent Tennessee, USA.

Comment

In the Plethodon wehrlei group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See accounts by Highton, 1987, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 402: 1–3, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 409–411. See Cupp and Towles, 1983, Trans. Kentucky Acad. Sci., 44: 157–158, for Kentucky record. Pauley and Watson, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 853–854, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Kozak, Weisrock, and Larson, 2006, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 273: 539–546, provided molecular evidence of shared mtDNA characteristics of one of the populations of Plethodon punctatusHighton, Hastings, Palmer, Watts, Hass, Culver, and Arnold, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 63: 278–290, noted evidence that suggests that this nominal species contains cryptic species for which names are likely available. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 394, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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