Plethodon wehrlei Fowler and Dunn, 1917

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon wehrlei

Plethodon wehrlei Fowler and Dunn, 1917, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 69: 23. Holotype: ANSP 19123, by original designation. Type locality: "Two Lick Hills, Indiana County, Pennsylvania", USA.

Plethodon jacksoni Newman, 1954, Herpetologica, 10: 9. Holotype: USNM 134498, by original designation. Type locality: "Trillium Vale, elevation 2,100 feet, approximately one mile east of Blacksburg, Montgomery County, Virginia", USA. Synonymy by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 20, and Highton, 1962, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 6: 318.

Plethodon wehrlei wehrleiBogert, 1954, Amph. Rept. World, 2: 1195; Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 234.

Plethodon wehrlei jacksoniCochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 20.

Plethodon (Plethodon) wehrleiVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Wehrle's Salamander (Plethodon wehrlei: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 281; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 35; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 277; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 29; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Wehrle's Salamander (Plethodon wejhrlei wehrlei [now coextensive with Plethodon wehrlei]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175). Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 233).

Roanoke Salamander (Plethodon wehrlei: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175). Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 233;

Blacksburg Salamander (Plethodon jacksoni [no longer recognized]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Distribution

From southwestern New York to extreme north-central North Carolina (Stokes County), Virginia, and west to southeastern Ohio; Letcher County, Kentucky, and adjacent Tennessee, USA.

Comment

In the Plethodon wehrlei group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See accounts by Highton, 1987, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 402: 1–3, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 409–411. See Cupp and Towles, 1983, Trans. Kentucky Acad. Sci., 44: 157–158, for Kentucky record. Pauley and Watson, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 853–854, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Kozak, Weisrock, and Larson, 2006, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 273: 539–546, provided molecular evidence of shared mtDNA characteristics of one of the populations of Plethodon punctatusHighton, Hastings, Palmer, Watts, Hass, Culver, and Arnold, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 63: 278–290, noted evidence that suggests that this nominal species contains cryptic species for which names are likely available, one of these being what is now Plethodon dixiRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 394, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.  Kuchta, Brown, and Highton, 2018, Zool. Scripta, 47: 285–299, discussed the molecular phylogeography of the nominal species, demonstrating analytic paraphyly with Plethodon punctatus, and also recognizing Plethodon dixi, formerly a cavernicolous race in southwestern Virginia. 

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