Plethodon vandykei Van Denburgh, 1906

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon vandykei

Plethodon vandykei Van Denburgh, 1906, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 3, 4: 61. Holotype: CAS 6910 (destroyed in San Francisco earthquake and fire according to Slevin and Leviton, 1956, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 28: 535); CAS 47495 designated neotype by Slevin and Leviton, 1956, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 28: 535. Highton, 1962, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 6: 257, rejected the neotype designation because its locality is 130 miles from the original type locality and because it was unnecessary to solve any complex nomenclatural problem. Type locality: "Paradise Valley, Mount Rainier Park, Washington", USA; arguable neotype from "Forks, Clallam County, Washington", USA.

Plethodon vandykei vandykeiLowe, 1950, Copeia, 1950: 93; Burns, 1954, Herpetologica, 10: 83.

Plethodon (Hightonia) vandykeiVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632.

English Names

Van Dyke Salamander (Plethodon vandykei: Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 80).

Van Dyke's Salamander (Plethodon vandykei: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 275; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 39; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 41; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 29; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 170; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 21; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Washington Salamander (Plethodon vandykei vandykei [now coextensive with Plethodon vandykei]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 39; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 41; Plethodon vandykei: Slevin, 1928, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 16: 57; Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 275).

Distribution

Olympic Peninsula in Willapa Hills and nearby Long Island and in southern Cascade Range, western Washington, 0–1550 m elevation, USA.

Comment

In the Plethodon vandykei group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. Reviewed by Brodie and Storm, 1970, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 91: 1-2. See comments under Plethodon idahoensis. See Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 401–403, for account and discussion of systematic issues. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 170–171, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Carstens, Stevenson, Degenhardt, and Sullivan, 2004, Syst. Biol., 53: 781–794, reported on phylogeography of this species. Beamer and Lannoo, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 846–847, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 408–409, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Pelletier, Crisafulli, Wagner, Zellmer, and Carstens, 2015, Syst. Biol., 64: 909–925, provided a study of historical species distributions.  

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