Plethodon ouachitae Dunn and Heinze, 1933

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon ouachitae

Plethodon ouachitae Dunn and Heinze, 1933, Copeia, 1933: 121. Holotype: USNM 92484, by original designation. Type locality: "Ouachita National Forest, on Rich Mountain, Polk Co[unty]., Arkansas", USA.

Plethodon (Plethodon) ouachitaeVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Ouachita Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 269).

Rich Mountain Salamander (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 37; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 279; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 27; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).


Known from the Ouachita Mountains, Polk and Scott counties, southwestern Arkansas, and Latimer and LeFlore counties, southeastern Oklahoma, USA.


In the Plethodon glutinosus group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See accounts by Blair, 1967, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 40: 1–2 (which included what subsequently was named as Plethodon fourchensis), and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 386–389. See comment under Plethodon fourchensis. Anthony, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 831–833, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 640. Shepard and Burbrink, 2008, Mol. Ecol., 17: 5315–5335, discussed molecular phylogeographic patterns. Shepard, Irwin, and Burbrink, 2011, Herpetologica, 67: 355–368, reported on morphological diversification on the landscape. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 404, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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