Plethodon metcalfi Brimley, 1912

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon metcalfi

Plethodon metcalfi Brimley, 1912, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 25: 138. Holotype: USNM 49682 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 21. Type locality: "near Sunburst, Haywood Co[unty]., N[orth]. C[arolina]., . . . at elevations of about 3500 to 4000 feet", USA.

Plethodon clemsonae Brimley, 1927, Copeia, 164: 73. Holotype: USNM 73849, by original designation. Type locality: "Jocassee, [Oconee County,] S[outh]. C[arolina]., . . . at an elevation of 1200 to 1500 feet". Synonymy (implicit) by Stejneger and Barbour, 1939, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 4: 14, who did not mention it; revalidated as distinct from Plethodon metcalfi by Bishop, 1941, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 451: 20.

Plethodon shermani rabunensis Pope and Hairston, 1948, Copeia, 1948: 106. Holotype: FMNH 47697, by original designation. Type locality: "Rabun Bald Mountain, Rabun County, Georgia, collected between 4,200 and 4,600 feet above sea level". Synonymy with Plethodon metcalfi clemsonae by Mittleman, 1948, J. Washington Acad. Sci., 38: 417. Synonymy by Highton and Peabody, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 59.

Plethodon shermani melaventris Pope and Hairston, 1948, Copeia, 1948: 107. Holotype: FMNH 47614, by original designation. Type locality: "Highlands, Macon County, North Carolina", USA. Synonymy with Plethodon metcalfi clemsonae by Mittleman, 1948, J. Washington Acad. Sci., 38: 417.

Plethodon metcalfi metcalfiMittleman, 1948, J. Washington Acad. Sci., 38: 418.

Plethodon metcalfi clemsonaeMittleman, 1948, J. Washington Acad. Sci., 38: 418.

Plethodon shermani clemsonaeHairston and Pope, 1948, Evolution, 2: 274.

Plethodon jordani metcalfiHairston, 1950, Copeia, 1950: 271.

Plethodon jordani clemsonaeHairston, 1950, Copeia, 1950: 272.

Plethodon jordani rabunensisHairston, 1950, Copeia, 1950: 272.

Plethodon jordani melaventrisHairston, 1950, Copeia, 1950: 272.

Plethodon metcalfiHighton and Peabody, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 59.

Plethodon (Plethodon) metcalfiVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Unspotted Salamander (Plethodon metcalfi: Brimley, 1915, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 30: 5).

Metcalf's Salamander (Plethodon jordani metcalfi: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 261; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 35-36; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Clemson's Salamander (Plethodon jordani clemsonae [no longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 35-36).

Clemson Salamander (Plethodon jordani clemsonae [no longer recognized]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Highland's Salamander (Plethodon jordani melaventris [no longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 35-36).

Highlands Salamander (Plethodon jordani melaventris [no longer recognized]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Rabun Bald Salamander (Plethodon jordani rabunensis [no longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 35-36).

Rabun Salamander (Plethodon jordani rabunensis: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175).

Frosted Salamander (Plethodon clemsonae: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 239).

Southern Gray-cheeked Salamander (Plethodon metcalfi: Highton and Peabody, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 59; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 27; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 21; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 75; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 31).

Southern Graycheek Salamander (Plethodon metcalfi: Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14).

Distribution

Southwestern corner of North Carolina extreme northwestern South Carolina, and peripherally into extreme northeastern adjacent Georgia, USA.

Comment

In the Plethodon glutinosus group, Plethodon jordani complex. Resurrected from the synonymy of Plethodon jordani by Highton and Peabody, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 59, where it had been placed by Hairston, 1950, Copeia, 1950: 271. Beamer and Lannoo, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 823–825, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Weisrock and Larson, 2006, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 89: 25-51, discussed the phylogenetic status of this species. Moskwik, 2014, J. Biogeograph., 41: 1957–1966, documented in this species significant elevational range changes since the 1940s. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 402, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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