Plethodon dorsalis Cope, 1889

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon dorsalis

Plethodon cinereus dorsalis Cope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 100. Nomen nudum.

Plethodon erythronotus var. dorsalis Baird In Cope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 100. Nomen nudum.

Plethodon cinereus dorsalis Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 138. Syntypes: USNM 3776A–D; USNM 3776A designated lectotype by Highton, 1962, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 6: 277. Type locality: "Louisville, [Jefferson County,] Kentucky", USA. Given in error as "Salem, Massachusetts (?), and Louisville, Kentucky", USA by Stejneger and Barbour, 1933, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 3: 11.

Plethodon dorsalisStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 15; Myers, 1927 "1926", Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci., 36: 337.

Plethodon cinereus dorsalisBishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 236.

Plethodon dorsalisSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 34.

Plethodon dorsalis dorsalisThurow, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 179.

Plethodon (Plethodon) dorsalisVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Ashy Lizard (Plethodon cinereus dorsalis: Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 21).

Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 236; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 34; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 273; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 7; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 8).

Eastern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis dorsalis [now coextensive with Plethodon dorsalis]: Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32).

Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis: Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 26; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 29; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 31).

Distribution

Southern Indiana, eastern and southern Illinois, western Kentucky, central Tennessee, northern and western Alabama, and northeastern Mississippi, USA.

Comment

In the Plethodon welleri group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See account (as including Plethodon angusticlavius) by Thurow, 1966, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 29: 1–3, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 346–349. Forms a narrow hybrid zone with Plethodon websteri (Highton, 1985, J. Herpetol., 19: 544–546). See comment under Plethodon ventralis. Highton, 1997, Herpetologica, 53: 350, noted that this species forms a hybrid zone with Plethodon ventralis in Lincoln County, Kentucky, USA. Meshaka, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 802–803, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 392, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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