Plethodon cylindraceus (Harlan, 1825)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon cylindraceus

Salamandra cylindracea Harlan, 1825, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 5: 156-157. Type(s): Not known to exist, although Harlan, 1827, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 5: 328, referenced ANSP specimens. USNM 257522 designated neotype by Highton IN Highton, Maha, and Maxson, 1989, Illinois Biol. Monogr., 57: 71. Type locality: "South Carolina"; restricted by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 34, to "vicinity of Charleston", South Carolina, USA; Neill, 1957, Copeia, 1957: 141, disputed the restriction as within the distribution of Plethodon chlorobryonis. Highton, 1962, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 6: 342, noted that Camden is more likely than Charleston. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 199, considered the restricted type locality invalid due to not being based on evidence. Locality of neotype is "locality 112 [34° 32′ 10″ N, 81° 05′ 36″ W] at an elevation of 137 m, Chester County, South Carolina", USA.

Plethodon cylindraceus —Highton in Highton, Maha, and Maxson, 1989, Illinois Biol. Monogr., 57: 70.

Plethodon (Plethodon) cylindraceusVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Cylindrical Salamander (Gray, 1831, in Cuvier, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9—Appendix: 107).

White-spotted Slimy Salamander (Highton in Highton, Maha, and Maxson, 1989, Illinois Biol. Monogr., 57: 70; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 8; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 26; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 20; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 29; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 31).

Distribution

Piedmont and Blue Ridge physiographic provinces of Virginia and North Carolina west to the French Broad River and south to the northern Piedmont of South Carolina; extreme eastern West Virginia, USA.

Comment

In the Plethodon glutinosus group, according to Highton in Highton, Maha, and Maxson, 1989, Illinois Biol. Monogr., 57: 16, who resurrected this name from the synonymy of Plethodon glutinosus, where it had been placed by Baird, 1850 "1849", J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 1: 284, and Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 80. Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 355, rejected the distinction from Plethodon glutinosus on the basis of overall similarity. Beamer and Lannoo, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 800–802, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature.  Moskwik, 2014, J. Biogeograph., 41: 1957–1966, documented in this species significant elevational range changes since the 1940s. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 400, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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