Plethodon caddoensis Pope and Pope, 1951

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon caddoensis

Plethodon caddoensis Pope and Pope, 1951, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., 9: 148. Holotype: FMNH 61959, by original designation. Type locality: "an altitude of 1200 feet on Polk Creek Mountain of the Caddo Mountains, southwestern Montgomery County, Arkansas", USA.

Plethodon (Plethodon) caddoensisVieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Caddo Mountain Salamander (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 37; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 280; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 7; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 8; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 26; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 29; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 31).

Distribution

Caddo Mountains of Montgomery and Polk counties, Arkansas, USA, 300–400 m elevation.

Comment

In the Plethodon glutinosus group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See account by Pope, 1964, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 14: 1, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 333–335. Anthony, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 792–793, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 639. Shepard and Burbrink, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 399–411, reported four genetically (mtDNA) highly distinctive range segments, highly correlated with drainage systems, that may correspond to species or to in-situ haplotypes. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 404–405, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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