Hydromantes shastae Gorman and Camp, 1953

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Hydromantes > Species: Hydromantes shastae

Hydromantes shastae Gorman and Camp, 1953, Copeia, 1953: 39. Holotype: MVZ 52314, by original designation. Type locality: "entrance to limestone caves at the edge of Flat Creek Road in the narrows of Low Pass Creek (0.7 miles east of Squaw Creek Road, 18.4 miles north and 15.3 miles east of Redding), Shasta County, California", USA.

Hydromantoides shastaeLanza and Vanni, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 120; Nascetti, Cimmaruta, Lanza, and Bullini, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 161–183.

Hydromantoides (Hydromantoides) shastaeDubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 108.

Hydromantes (Hydromantes) shastaeWake, Salvador, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 543–548.

English Names

Shasta Salamander (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 52; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 7; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 24; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 196; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 19; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 30).

Distribution

Usually in limestone substrate country south of Mount Shasta in the vicinity of Shasta Reservoir, Shasta County, California, USA, 300–910 m elevation.

Comment

See accounts by Gorman, 1964, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 11: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 239–240. Highton, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 224, suggest on the basis of allozyne evidence that two species masquerade under this name one of which is more closely related to Hydromantes platycephalus than to its nominal conspecific. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 197, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 319, provided brief accounts. Wake and Papenfuss, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 784–785, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 577. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 443, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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