Hydromantes brunus Gorman, 1954

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Hydromantes > Species: Hydromantes brunus

Hydromantes brunus Gorman, 1954, Herpetologica, 10: 153. Holotype: MVZ 59530, by original designation. Type locality: "base of low cliffs beside State Route 140, 0.7 miles NNE Briceburg (confluence of Bear Creek and Merced River), Mariposa County, California", USA.

Hydromantoides brunusLanza and Vanni, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 120.

Hydromantoides (Hydromantoides) brunusDubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 108.

Hydromantes (Hydromantes) brunusWake, Salvador, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 543-548.

English Names

Limestone Salamander (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 53; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 7; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 24; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 197; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 19; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 29).

Distribution

Along Merced River and North Fork Merced River, Mariposa County, California, USA, 300–760 m elevation.

Comment

See accounts by Gorman, 1964, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 11: 1, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 236–237. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 197–198, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 318, provided brief accounts. Wake and Papenfuss, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 781–782, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 577. Rovito, 2010, Mol. Ecol., 19: 4554–4571, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the lineage, suggesting recent separation from Hydromantes platycephalus via peripatric speciation. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 188, suggested on the basis of Rovito's evidence that this taxon might be conspecific with Hydromantes platycephalus due the recognition of Hydromantes brunus rendering the populations of Hydromantes platycephalus as paraphyletic.  

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