Desmognathus planiceps Newman, 1955

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Desmognathus > Species: Desmognathus planiceps

Desmognathus planiceps Newman, 1955, J. Washington Acad. Sci., 45: 83. Holotype: WBN 1316 (to be deposited in USNM), by original designation. Type locality: "from a portion of the stream (approximate elevation 2800 feet) dropping down into the gorge below the Dan River Dam near Meadows of Dan. Patrick County, V[irgini]a.", USA.

Desmognathus (Desmognathus) planicepsDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144. See comment under Desmognathus regarding the status of the subgenus. 

English Names

Flat-headed Salamander (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 219; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 26; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 50; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 26).

Distribution

Streams draining the southeastern escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains from southern Roanoke County, Virginia, southward to at least the headwaters of the Dan River, Patrick County, and eastward in the Piedmont to at least Pittsylvania County; specimens referrable to this species are also known from a locality in the interior Blue Ridge Physiographic Province (New River drainage, Floyd County), Virginia, USA, possibly into adjacent North Carolina.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Desmognathus fuscus by Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 334, and Tilley, Eriksen, and Katz, 2008, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 152: 115–130, where it had been placed by Martof and Rose, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 215–216. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 426, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 103, provided an account of larval morphology. 

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