Desmognathus ocoee Nicholls, 1949

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Desmognathus > Species: Desmognathus ocoee

Desmognathus ocoee Nicholls, 1949, J. Tennessee Acad. Sci., 24: 127. Holotype: USNM 128007, by original designation. Type locality: "on the surface and in crevices of cliffs at Ship's Prow Rock, in Ocoee Gorge, beside U.S. Highway 64, nine miles airline west of Ducktown, in Polk County, Tennessee", USA.

Desmognathus perlapsus Neill, 1950, Publ. Res. Div. Ross Allen’s Rept. Inst., 1: 1. Holotype: ERA-WTN 14150 (to be deposited in UF), by original designation. Type locality: "rocky outcropping on the western wall of Tallulah Gorge, near the twon of Tallulah Falls, Rabun County, Georgia", USA. Synonymy (with Desmognathus ocoee) by Valentine, 1961, Copeia, 1961: 315–322.

Desmognathus (Desmognathus) ocoeeDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144. See comment under Desmognathus regarding the status of the subgenus. 

Desmognathus perlapsis — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 169. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Desmognathus perlapsus Neill, 1950.  

English Names

Ocoee Salamander (Desmognathus ocoee: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 30; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 6; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 21; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 16; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 26; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 26).

Tallulah Salamander (Desmognathus perlapsus [no longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 30).

Cliffside Salamander (Desmognathus perlapsus [no longer recognized]: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 225).

Distribution

USA: two allopatric units, one in the Appalachian Plateau of northeastern Alabama and adjacent Tennessee, and the other in the southwestern Blue Ridge Physiographic Province of western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee, extreme western South Carolina, and northern Georgia, south of the Pigeon River (Balsam, Blue Ridge, Cowee, Great Smoky, Nantahala, Snowbird, Tusquitee, and Unicoi Mountains.

Comment

Resurrected from the synonymy of Desmognathus ochrophaeus by Tilley and Mahoney, 1996, Herpetol. Monogr., 10: 25, where it had been placed by Martof and Rose, 1963, Am. Midl. Nat., 69: 376. See also account by Valentine, 1964, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 7: 1–2, and that of Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 196–202. Highton, Tilley, and Wake In Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 21, noted that Desmognathus ocoee is composed of of genetically heterogeneous allopatric and parapatric units that occupy different mountain ranges in the southern Blue Ridge and Cumberland Plateau physiographic provinces and noted that the relationships among these isolates as well as with other species of Desmognathus deserve additional study. Kozak, Larson, Bonett, and Harmon, 2005, Evolution, 59: 2000–2016, provided a molecular phylogenetics study that suggested 8 species under this name. Camp and Tilley, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 719–721, provided an account containing a detailed summary of the literature and range. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 424, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 105–106, provided an account of larval morphology.  

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