Aneides ferreus Cope, 1869

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Aneides > Species: Aneides ferreus

Anaides ferreus Cope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 109. Holotype: USNM 14451 (formerly 6794) according to Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 208, and Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 8. Type locality: "Fort Umpqua, [Douglas County,] Oregon", USA.

Autodax ferreusCope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 185.

Aneides ferreusGrinnell and Camp, 1917, Univ. California Publ. Zool., 17: 135.

Aneides (Aneides) ferreusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 117.

English Names

Rusty Anaides (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 22).

Rusty Salamander (Storer, 1925, Univ. California Publ. Zool., 27: 43; Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 332).

Clouded Salamander (Slevin, 1928, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 16: 69; Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 332; Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 126; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 50; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 50; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 5; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 29; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 19; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 11; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 24; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 23).

Distribution

Extreme northern coastal California through coastal Oregon to the Columbia River valley (absent from the state of Washington), USA.

Comment

See accounts by Wake, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 16: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 314–317, who cited literature (including Sessions and Kezer, 1987, Chromosoma, Berlin, 95: 17–30) suggesting the existence of sibling species under this binominal.  Wake and Jackman, 1999 "1998", Canad. J. Zool., 76: 1570–1580, subsequently recognized Aneides vagrans, which restricted the range of this species. See also detailed account by Staub and Wake, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 658–660. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 637. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 411–412, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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