Aneides aeneus (Cope and Packard, 1881)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Aneides > Species: Aneides aeneus

Plethodon aeneus Cope and Packard, 1881, Am. Nat., 15: 878. Holotype: ANSP 10461, according to Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 205; Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 347. Type locality: "Nickajack Cave . . . . situated near that point of the southern boundary of Tennessee where it is joined by the line which separates the States of Georgia and Alabama . . . . The entrance is in the northern side of a hill, not far from the road that passes on the south side of the bottom of the Tennessee river . . . . Near the mouth of the cave", Marion County, Tennessee, USA.

Aneides aeneusDunn, 1923, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 8: 39.

Aneides (Castaneides) aeneusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 117.

English Names

Web-footed Salamander (Rhoads, 1895, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 47: 401).

Bronzy Salamander (Brimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 155).

Bronzed Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 328).

Green Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 328; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 50; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 283; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 29; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 19; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 11; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 24; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 39; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 23).

Distribution

Appalachian region from southern Ohio, southern Indiana, and southwestern Pennsylvania to western South Carolina, Tennessee, northern Georgia, northern Alabama, and northeastern Mississippi, USA.

Comment

See accounts by Gordon, 1967, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 30: 1–2, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 310–314, and Pauley and Watson, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 656–658. Myers, 1929, Copeia, 170: 23, argued that Cope was the sole author of the name. Two chromosomally differentiated groups have been noted by Sessions and Kezer, 1987, Chromosoma, Berlin, 95: 17–30, and Morescalchi, 1975, in Dobzhansky et al. (eds.), Evol. Biol., 8: 339–387. Madej, 1994, Herpetol. Rev., 25: 31, provided the first record for Indiana; Walker, Garcia, Engbrecht, and Faller, 2008, Herpetol. Rev., 39: 103, provided a new collection site in Indiana and discussed that range in that state. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 637. Graham, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 232–233, provided a record for northwestern Georgia, USA. Graham and Felix, 2010, Herpetol. Rev., 41: 240, provided a range extension in Georgia and discussed the disjunct nature of populations of this species. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 414, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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